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The Economics of a Lost Deal

  • Ghersi, Frederic
  • Hourcade, Jean-Charles

This paper examines compromise spaces between competing perspectives on four key climate change issues: costs, level of domestic action, environmental integrity, and developing world involvement. Based on extensive simulations of a model integration tool, SAP12 (Stochastic Assessment of Climate Policies, 12 models), the analysis considers options for fine-tuning the Kyoto Protocol, such as concrete ceilings or levies on carbon imports; restoration payments to be made on excess emissions; credits for sequestration activities in Annex B countries; and others. It shows the critical importance of the baseline against which the performance of each tool has to be assessed in the absence of direct economic penalties for noncompliance. The restoration payment option (also known as a safety valve) emerges as a superior means of addressing the core policy issues, including environmental integrity, and provides a large compromise space between payments of $35 to $100 per ton of carbon.

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Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-01-48-.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2001
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-01-48-
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  1. Warwick J. McKibbin & Robert Shackleton & Peter J. Wilcoxen, 1998. "The Potential Effects of International Carbon Emissions Permit Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol," Economics and Environment Network Working Papers 9805, Australian National University, Economics and Environment Network.
  2. Minh Ha-Duong & Michael Grubb & Jean-Charles Hourcade, 1997. "Influence of socioeconomic inertia and uncertainty on optimal CO2-emission abatement," Post-Print halshs-00002452, HAL.
  3. Lecocq, Franck & Hourcade, Jean-Charles & Ha Duong, Minh, 1998. "Decision making under uncertainty and inertia constraints: sectoral implications of the when flexibility," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(5-6), pages 539-555, December.
  4. Minh Ha-Duong & Jean-Charles Hourcade & Franck Lecocq, 1999. "Dynamic consistency problems behind the Kyoto protocol," Post-Print halshs-00002459, HAL.
  5. Sandrine Mathy & Jean-Charles Hourcade & Christophe de Gouvello, 2001. "Clean development mechanism: leverage for development?," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 251-268, June.
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