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Core and `Crust': Consumer Prices and the Term Structure of Interest Rates

Author

Listed:
  • Olena Chyruk

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago)

  • Luca Benzoni

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago)

  • Andrea Ajello

    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

Abstract

We estimate a model for nominal and real term structures of interest rates that includes dynamics for the three main components of total inflation: core, food, and energy. These dynamics combine together to produce a measure of expected total inflation that investors use to price nominal Treasuries. This framework captures different frequencies in inflation fluctuations: shocks to core are more persistent and less volatile than shocks to food and, especially, energy (the `crust'). The model fits yields and inflation data well in sample, and produces inflation forecasts that outperform several benchmarks out of sample. A common structure of latent factors explains most of the variance of the forecasting error for core inflation and bond yields. This evidence suggests that interest rates contain useful predictive content for inflation. Moreover, we estimate real interest rates, as well as inflation and real rate risk premia, that are consistent with related market-based measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Olena Chyruk & Luca Benzoni & Andrea Ajello, 2012. "Core and `Crust': Consumer Prices and the Term Structure of Interest Rates," 2012 Meeting Papers 922, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:922
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Buera, Francisco J. & Nicolini, Juan Pablo, 2014. "Liquidity Traps and Monetary Policy: Managing a Credit Crunch," Working Paper Series WP-2014-14, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    2. Bruno Feunou & Jean-Sébastien Fontaine, 2012. "Forecasting Inflation and the Inflation Risk Premiums Using Nominal Yields," Staff Working Papers 12-37, Bank of Canada.
    3. Geert Bekaert & Eric Engstrom & Andrey Ermolov, 2016. "Macro Risks and the Term Structure of Interest Rates," NBER Working Papers 22839, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Aruoba, S. Boragan, 2016. "Term structures of inflation expectations and real interest rates," Working Papers 16-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, revised 20 Sep 2016.
    5. Aruoba, S. Boragan, 2014. "Term Structures of Inflation Expectations and Real Interest Rates: The Effects of Unconventional Monetary Policy," Staff Report 502, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    6. Breach , Tomas & D'Amico, Stefania & Orphanides, Athanasios, 2016. "The Term Structure and Inflation Uncertainty," Working Paper Series WP-2016-22, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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