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Speculative Bubbles in the S&P 500: Was the Tech Bubble Confined to the Tech Sector?

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  • Chris Brooks

    () (ICMA Centre, University of Reading)

  • Apostolos Katsaris

    () (ICMA Centre, University of Reading)

Abstract

This study tests for the presence of periodically, partially collapsing speculative bubbles in the sector indices of the S&P 500 using a regime-switching approach. We also employ an augmented model that includes trading volume as a technical indicator to improve the ability of the model to time bubble collapses and to better capture the temporal variations in returns. We find that over 70% of the S&P 500 index by market capitalization, and seven of its ten sector component indices exhibited bubble-like behaviour over our sample period. Thus the speculative bubble that grew in the 1990’s and subsequently collapsed was pervasive in the US equity market. The bubble affected numerous sectors including energy and industrials, rather than being confined to information technology, telecommunications and the media.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Brooks & Apostolos Katsaris, 2006. "Speculative Bubbles in the S&P 500: Was the Tech Bubble Confined to the Tech Sector?," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2006-07, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdg:icmadp:icma-dp2006-07
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    2. Yilmaz, Mustafa K. & Sensoy, Ahmet & Ozturk, Kevser & Hacihasanoglu, Erk, 2015. "Cross-sectoral interactions in Islamic equity markets," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1-20.
    3. Murillo Campello & John Graham, 2007. "Do Stock Prices Influence Corporate Decisions? Evidence from the Technology Bubble," NBER Working Papers 13640, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Ogonna Nneji & Chris Brooks & Charles Ward, 2013. "Commercial Real Estate and Equity Market Bubbles: Are They Contagious to REITs?," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 50(12), pages 2496-2516, September.
    5. Nneji, Ogonna, 2015. "Liquidity shocks and stock bubbles," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 132-146.
    6. Anderson, Keith & Brooks, Chris, 2014. "Speculative bubbles and the cross-sectional variation in stock returns," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 20-31.
    7. Keith Anderson & Chris Brooks & Apostolos Katsaris, 2013. "Testing for speculative bubbles in asset prices," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Finance, chapter 3, pages 73-94 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    9. Chen, Mei-Ping & Lin, Yu-Hui & Tseng, Chun-Yao & Chen, Wen-Yi, 2015. "Bubbles in health care: Evidence from the U.S., U.K., and German stock markets," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 193-205.
    10. Asako, Kazumi & Liu, Zhentao, 2013. "A statistical model of speculative bubbles, with applications to the stock markets of the United States, Japan, and China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2639-2651.
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    13. Ohannes George Paskelian & M. Kabir Hassan & Kathryn Whittaker Huff, 2011. "Are there bubbles in the REITs market? New evidence using regime-switching approach," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(19), pages 1451-1461.
    14. Ogonna Nneji & Chris Brooks & Charles Ward, 2011. "Housing and equity bubbles: Are they contagious to REITs?," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2011-11, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    15. Germán Gutiérrez & Thomas Philippon, 2017. "Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S," NBER Working Papers 23583, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Riza Demirer & Guilherme Demos & Rangan Gupta & Didier Sornette, 2017. "On the Predictability of Stock Market Bubbles: Evidence from LPPLS ConfidenceTM Multi-scale Indicators," Working Papers 201752, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stock market bubbles; fundamental values; dividends; regime switching; speculative bubble test.;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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