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A Three-Regime Model of Speculative Behaviour: Modelling the Evolution of the S&P 500 Composite Index

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  • Chris Brooks
  • Apostolos Katsaris

Abstract

We examine whether a three-regime model that allows for dormant, explosive and collapsing speculative behaviour can explain the dynamics of the S&P 500. We extend existing models of speculative behaviour by including a third regime that allows a bubble to grow at a steady rate, and propose abnormal volume as an indicator of the probable time of bubble collapse. We also examine the financial usefulness of the three-regime model by studying a trading rule formed using inferences from it, whose use leads to higher Sharpe ratios and end of period wealth than from employing existing models or a buy-and-hold strategy. Copyright 2005 Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Brooks & Apostolos Katsaris, 2005. "A Three-Regime Model of Speculative Behaviour: Modelling the Evolution of the S&P 500 Composite Index," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(505), pages 767-797, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:115:y:2005:i:505:p:767-797
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecmode:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:81-100 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Angelos Dassios & Luting Li, 2018. "An Economic Bubble Model and Its First Passage Time," Papers 1803.08160, arXiv.org.
    3. Boswijk, H. Peter & Hommes, Cars H. & Manzan, Sebastiano, 2007. "Behavioral heterogeneity in stock prices," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1938-1970, June.
    4. Panopoulou, Ekaterini & Pantelidis, Theologos, 2015. "Speculative behaviour and oil price predictability," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 128-136.
    5. Christopher L. Gilbert & Simone Pfuderer, 2014. "The financialization of food commodity markets," Chapters,in: Handbook on Food, chapter 6, pages 122-148 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Nathan S. Balke & Mark E. Wohar, 2009. "Market fundamentals versus rational bubbles in stock prices: a Bayesian perspective," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 35-75.
    7. Anderson, Keith & Brooks, Chris & Katsaris, Apostolos, 2010. "Speculative bubbles in the S&P 500: Was the tech bubble confined to the tech sector?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 345-361, June.
    8. Al-Anaswah, Nael & Wilfling, Bernd, 2011. "Identification of speculative bubbles using state-space models with Markov-switching," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 1073-1086, May.
    9. Hommes, C.H. & Wagener, F.O.O., 2008. "Complex evolutionary systems in behavioral finance," CeNDEF Working Papers 08-05, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
    10. repec:acb:camaaa:2011-11 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Baur, Dirk G. & Glover, Kristoffer J., 2015. "Speculative trading in the gold market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 63-71.
    12. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:388-408 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Areal, Francisco José & Balcombe, Kevin & Rapsomanikis, George, 2016. "Testing for bubbles in agriculture commodity markets," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 16(1).
    14. Shi, Shuping & Arora, Vipin, 2012. "An application of models of speculative behaviour to oil prices," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 469-472.
    15. Steenkamp, Daan, 2018. "Explosiveness in G11 currencies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 388-408.
    16. Riza Demirer & Guilherme Demos & Rangan Gupta & Didier Sornette, 2017. "On the Predictability of Stock Market Bubbles: Evidence from LPPLS ConfidenceTM Multi-scale Indicators," Working Papers 201752, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

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