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Redes neuronales para predecir el tipo de cambio diario


  • Barrera, Carlos R.

    () (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)


Un problema recurrente es que los modelos estructurales de determinación del tipo de cambio no logran predecirlo con mayor precisión que un camino aleatorio. El objetivo de la presente investigación es verificar si es posible obtener proyecciones relativamente precisas generadas por un grupo de modelos econométricos para el tipo de cambio diario sobre la base de la muestra disponible enero 2004 - setiembre 2008. Los modelos a compararse en términos predictivos son: (a) camino aleatorio en el nivel del tipo de cambio; (b) auto-regresión con p rezagos en la variación del tipo de cambio; (c) perceptrones con p rezagos en la variación del tipo de cambio y (d) auto-regresión fraccional con p rezagos en el nivel del tipo de cambio. Los resultados obtenidos confirman que los perceptrones poseen la capacidad para anticipar el patrón de los movimientos diarios en el tipo de cambio, especialmente cuando se utiliza el spread entre el tipo de cambio venta y compra como porcentaje del tipo de cambio promedio de estas dos cotizaciones, la depreciación diaria del yen contra el dólar americano y el diferencial de tasas domésticas de interés interbancarias en ambas monedas.

Suggested Citation

  • Barrera, Carlos R., 2010. "Redes neuronales para predecir el tipo de cambio diario," Working Papers 2010-001, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2010-001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Barrera, Carlos R., 2011. "Impacto amplificador del ajuste de inventarios ante choques de demanda según especificaciones flexibles," Working Papers 2011-009, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

    More about this item


    Auge crediticio; política monetaria;

    JEL classification:

    • C45 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Neural Networks and Related Topics
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods


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