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Optimal social security in a dynastic model with investment externalities and endogenous fertility

This paper studies optimal pay-as-you-go social security with positive bequests and endogenous fertility. With an investment externality, a competitive solution without social security su?ers from under-investment in capital and over-reproduction of population. We show that social security can improve welfare by reducing fertility and increasing capital intensity. We also illustrate numerically that a small degree of this externality is enough to justify the observed high ratios of social security spending to GDP.

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File URL: http://www.uq.edu.au/economics/mrg/1006.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia in its series MRG Discussion Paper Series with number 1006.

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Handle: RePEc:qld:uqmrg6:10
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  26. Hubbard, R Glenn & Judd, Kenneth L, 1987. "Social Security and Individual Welfare: Precautionary Saving, Borrowing Constraints, and the Payroll Tax," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 630-46, September.
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