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Tobacco Substitution and the Poor

  • Steven F. Koch

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Gauthier Tshiswaka-Kashalala

    ()

    (Department of Transportation, South Africa)

Tobacco control policies have effectively raised the price of cigarettes and other tobacco products. However, these price increases have been shown to disproportionately fall upon poorer households, with fewer resources. In this analysis, we provide an initial indication of the effect increased prices might have on household allocations, by considering substitution and complementation related to tobacco consumption. Our results show substitution between tobacco and most household consumption items, although elasticities tend to be highest amongst the poorest households.

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File URL: http://www.up.ac.za/media/shared/61/WP/wp_2008_32.zp39502.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Pretoria, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 200832.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:200832
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Web page: http://www.up.ac.za/economics

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  1. Yatchew, Adonis & Sun, Yiguo & Deri, Catherine, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Semiparametric Equivalence Scales with Evidence from South Africa," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 21(2), pages 247-57, April.
  2. Christopher F Baum & Mark E. Schaffer & Steven Stillman, 2007. "Enhanced routines for instrumental variables/GMM estimation and testing," CERT Discussion Papers 0706, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
  3. Greg Colman & Dahlia K. Remler, 2004. "Vertical Equity Consequences of Very High Cigarette Tax Increases: If the Poor are the Ones Smoking, How Could Cigarette Tax Increases be Progressive?," NBER Working Papers 10906, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Frederic Vermeulen, 2003. "Do smokers behave differently? A tale of zero expenditures and separability concepts," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 4(6), pages 1-7.
  5. John, Rijo M., 2008. "Crowding out effect of tobacco expenditure and its implications on household resource allocation in India," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(6), pages 1356-1367, March.
  6. James Banks & Richard Blundell & Arthur Lewbel, 1997. "Quadratic Engel Curves And Consumer Demand," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(4), pages 527-539, November.
  7. Lance, Peter M. & Akin, John S. & Dow, William H. & Loh, Chung-Ping, 2004. "Is cigarette smoking in poorer nations highly sensitive to price?: Evidence from Russia and China," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 173-189, January.
  8. Marc Ground & Steven F. Koch, 2007. "Hurdle Models of Alcohol and Tobacco Expenditure in South African Households," Working Papers 200703, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  9. Van der Berg, Servaas & Louw, Megan & Burger, Ronelle, 2007. "Post-Apartheid South Africa: Poverty and Distribution Trends in an Era of Globalization," MPRA Paper 9065, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Corné Van walbeek, 2006. "Industry Responses To The Tobacco Excise Tax Increases In South Africa," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 74(1), pages 110-122, 03.
  11. Pu, Cheng-yun & Lan, Virginia & Chou, Yiing-Jenq & Lan, Chung-fu, 2008. "The crowding-out effects of tobacco and alcohol where expenditure shares are low: Analyzing expenditure data for Taiwan," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(9), pages 1979-1989, May.
  12. Steve F Koch, 2005. "The Aid and Maid System: South African Household Data Pitfalls," Working Papers 24, Economic Research Southern Africa.
  13. Koch, Steven & Alaba, Olufunke, 2010. "On health insurance and household decisions: A treatment effect analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 175-182, January.
  14. Cp Van Walbeek, 2002. "The Distributional Impact of Tobacco Excise Increases," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 70(3), pages 258-267, 03.
  15. Matthew C. Farrelly & Jeremy W. Bray & Terry Pechacek & Trevor Woollery, 2001. "Response by Adults to Increases in Cigarette Prices by Sociodemographic Characteristics," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(1), pages 156-165, July.
  16. Deaton, Angus S & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier & Thomas, Duncan, 1989. "The Influence of Household Composition on Household Expenditure Patterns: Theory and Spanish Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(1), pages 179-200, February.
  17. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-26, June.
  18. Judith Streak & Derek Yu & Servaas van der Berg, 2008. "How invariant is South African child poverty to the choice of equivalence scale or poverty measure?," Working Papers 13/2008, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
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