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Potential of Organic Farming to Mitigate Climate Change and Increase Small Farmers’ Welfare

Author

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  • SIngh Verma, Juhee
  • Sharma, Pritee

Abstract

Global climate change will have maximum damaging effect on the vulnerable population living in the global south, mainly the small farmers, traditional forest dwellers and coastal communities. Small farms of less than 1 hectare, estimated to be around 410 millions worldwide, are in areas of high poverty density. Any effort to achieve the “no poverty” goal of SDG and increasing their welfare will require a synergistic effort on part of climate change mitigation and adaptation, achieving sustainable livelihoods and improving health and nutrition indicators of these people. In this context, organic cultivation acquires special importance due to its climate mitigation potential. It balances and corrects nutrient cycles, carbon sequestration and reduces carbon emissions from chemical farming. It’s poverty reduction potential is due to reduction in the input cost for the farmer, better prices in the market, improvement of health as contact with chemical fertilizers and pesticides reduces and nutrient rich food consumption. Organic cultivation acquires special relevance in context of countries like India where a large number of farmers are small and marginal. they currently face adverse market conditions where the input cost of farming is higher than the prices at which the market values their produce. Organic cultivation can reduce this cost and increase the profitability of farming for them. This paper analysis the current literature related to organic farming and its future potential for increasing welfare of Indian farmers most of which are small and marginal.

Suggested Citation

  • SIngh Verma, Juhee & Sharma, Pritee, 2019. "Potential of Organic Farming to Mitigate Climate Change and Increase Small Farmers’ Welfare," MPRA Paper 99994, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:99994
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/99994/1/MPRA_paper_99994.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Reddy, B. Suresh, 2010. "Organic Farming: Status, Issues and Prospects – A Review," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 23(2), July.
    2. de Ponti, Tomek & Rijk, Bert & van Ittersum, Martin K., 2012. "The crop yield gap between organic and conventional agriculture," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 1-9.
    3. Jouzi, Zeynab & Azadi, Hossein & Taheri, Fatemeh & Zarafshani, Kiumars & Gebrehiwot, Kindeya & Van Passel, Steven & Lebailly, Philippe, 2017. "Organic Farming and Small-Scale Farmers: Main Opportunities and Challenges," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 144-154.
    4. Baiphethi, Mompati N. & Jacobs, Peter T., 2009. "The contribution of subsistence farming to food security in South Africa," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 48(4), pages 1-24, December.
    5. Dalila Cervantes-Godoy & Joe Dewbre, 2010. "Economic Importance of Agriculture for Poverty Reduction," OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers 23, OECD Publishing.
    6. Lowder, Sarah K. & Skoet, Jakob & Raney, Terri, 2016. "The Number, Size, and Distribution of Farms, Smallholder Farms, and Family Farms Worldwide," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 16-29.
    7. Christiaensen, Luc & Demery, Lionel & Kuhl, Jesper, 2011. "The (evolving) role of agriculture in poverty reduction--An empirical perspective," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 239-254, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Organic; Zero budget natural farming; Climate change; Small farmer;

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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