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Squaring the energy efficiency circle: evaluating industry energy efficiency policy in a hybrid model setting

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  • Andersen, Kristoffer Steen
  • Dockweiler, Steffen
  • Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik

Abstract

Improving energy efficiency within the industry will play a central role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions by reducing the use of fossil fuels. Nevertheless, the ex-ante evaluation of energy-efficiency policies largely remains an unresolved challenge. Understood within a theoretical economic framework, the root of the challenge is the simultaneity and interaction between three primary effects: an activity, a price, and a technical effect. This paper demonstrates how the IntERACT model, a Danish hybrid model, captures each effect and their interactions endogenously. The paper finds that a specific energy efficiency policy leads to an additional reduction in industrial energy use of around 5% in the year 2030, of which a policy-induced reduction in the energy efficiency gap accounts for half. The results reflect a total rebound effect of 12.5% and an implied elasticity of energy service demand of 16 around 15% across industrial sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersen, Kristoffer Steen & Dockweiler, Steffen & Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik, 2019. "Squaring the energy efficiency circle: evaluating industry energy efficiency policy in a hybrid model setting," MPRA Paper 96546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96546
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    1. Lee, Hwarang & Kang, Sung Won & Koo, Yoonmo, 2020. "A hybrid energy system model to evaluate the impact of climate policy on the manufacturing sector: Adoption of energy-efficient technologies and rebound effects," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 212(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy systems analysis; sectoral energy efficiency modelling; energy efficiency policies; energy savings;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q38 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy (includes OPEC Policy)
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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