Intergenerational Time Transfers and Internal Migration: Accounting for Low Spatial Mobility in Southern Europe
This paper examines the hypothesis that living close to grandparents is optimal for Southern European young couples with children in which the wife works given the combination of, on the one hand, substantial help �ows in the form of grandparenting and, on the other hand, the shortage in the provision of formal childcare services in these countries. I develop a partial equilibrium job search model that incorporates these �ndings. Simulation results show that a reduction in the price of private childcare services is more e¤ective in increasing women�s employment, fertility and inter-regional migration rates than an increase in the availability of publicly funded childcare slots. Using ECHP data I �nd that families with children in which the wife works move signi�cantly less than equivalent childless couples only if they live in a Southern European country. That e¤ect is found for both inter- and intra-regional migrations but is substantially larger in the former case.
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