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Energy, Environment, and Economy Interactions in Iran with Cointegrated and ECM Simultaneous Model

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  • Mohamad Taghvaee, Vahid
  • Seifi Aloo, Alireza
  • Khodaparast Shirazi, Jalil

Abstract

Nobody on the planet is going to be untouched by the impacts of climate change. This study aims to arrange the various socioeconomic elasticities of environmental pollution in order of priority, depending on the length of time period, to establish the most effective policy. We employed a simultaneous equations system to find out the various socioeconomic elasticities in the long run and short run in Iran during 1974-2012. Based on the results, per capita CO2 emissions, GDP, energy consumption show the strongest interactions (relationships and elasticities) in the equations system as a whole in the long run. Moreover, it is the trade openness, labour force, financial development, and urbanization which show the most decisive effects in the short run. So the effectiveness of the system variables depends on the time period. Trade openness, labour force, and financial development play the most leading role in the short run, notwithstanding their limited role in the long run. However, energy consumption elasticity of CO2 emissions and urbanization elasticity of energy consumption are among the largest elasticities both in short run and long run. Therefore, energy consumption, economic growth and urbanization should be reduced and financial sector should be grown to decrease the environmental pollution. Moreover, economic growth is an effective factor for the long run; and trade openness and financial development are effective for the short run but urbanization and energy consumption are influential for both the long run and short run policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamad Taghvaee, Vahid & Seifi Aloo, Alireza & Khodaparast Shirazi, Jalil, 2016. "Energy, Environment, and Economy Interactions in Iran with Cointegrated and ECM Simultaneous Model," MPRA Paper 70508, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:70508
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Song Han & Changqing Lin & Baosheng Zhang & Arash Farnoosh, 2019. "Projections and Recommendations for Energy Structure and Industrial Structure Development in China through 2030: A System Dynamics Model," Post-Print hal-02408957, HAL.
    2. Fu, Z.H. & Xie, Y.L. & Li, W. & Lu, W.T. & Guo, H.C., 2017. "An inexact multi-objective programming model for an economy-energy-environment system under uncertainty: A case study of Urumqi, China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 165-178.
    3. Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee & Clever Mavuka & Jalil Khodaparast Shirazi, 2017. "Economic growth and energy consumption in Iran: an ARDL approach including renewable and non-renewable energies," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 19(6), pages 2405-2420, December.
    4. Song Han & Changqing Lin & Baosheng Zhang & Arash Farnoosh, 2019. "Projections and Recommendations for Energy Structure and Industrial Structure Development in China through 2030: A System Dynamics Model," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-20, September.
    5. Saeed Mohamad Taghvaee & Behrouz Omaraee & Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee, 2017. "Maritime Transportation, Environmental Pollution, and Economic Growth in Iran: Using Dynamic Log Linear Model and Granger Causality Approach," Iranian Economic Review (IER), Faculty of Economics,University of Tehran.Tehran,Iran, vol. 21(2), pages 185-210, Spring.
    6. Zahra Nasrollahi & Mohadeseh-sadat Hashemi & Saeed Bameri & Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee, 2020. "Environmental pollution, economic growth, population, industrialization, and technology in weak and strong sustainability: using STIRPAT model," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 1105-1122, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy Consumption; Environmental Pollution; Economic Growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

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