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Environmental pollution, economic growth, population, industrialization, and technology in weak and strong sustainability: using STIRPAT model


  • Zahra Nasrollahi

    (Yazd University)

  • Mohadeseh-sadat Hashemi

    (Yazd University)

  • Saeed Bameri

    (University of Sistan and Baluchistan)

  • Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee

    (Tarbiat Modares University)


The recent decades have witnessed an alarmingly phenomenal rise in population and economic growth, increasing the global resource demand and environmental degradation. The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationships between population, industrialization, affluence, technology, and sustainability. Approaching sustainability, a couple of viewpoints including weak and strong sustainability establish two different priorities, albeit with possibly the same factors as in the IPAT and STIRPAT models. This paper employs STIRPAT equation to estimate the relationships between population, industrialization, affluence, technology, and sustainability in MENA and OECD countries during 1975–2015. The results suggest that weak and strong sustainability, albeit slightly, is affected negatively by population and industrialization, and positively by technology and international agreements on environment, in MENA and OECD countries during 1975–2015. Therefore, the policy-makers in sustainability are advised to develop preventive and qualitative strategies for population and industrial activities, but inflationary ones for technology; besides the governments are suggested to confirm, join, and sign the international treaties on environmental conservation.

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  • Zahra Nasrollahi & Mohadeseh-sadat Hashemi & Saeed Bameri & Vahid Mohamad Taghvaee, 2020. "Environmental pollution, economic growth, population, industrialization, and technology in weak and strong sustainability: using STIRPAT model," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 1105-1122, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:endesu:v:22:y:2020:i:2:d:10.1007_s10668-018-0237-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s10668-018-0237-5

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