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Combining Energy Networks

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  • Abrell, Jan
  • Weigt, Hannes

Abstract

Electricity markets rely on other upstream energy markets like oil, gas, and coal to provide the necessary fuel for generation. As both the electricity market and those upstream markets rely on networks, congestion on one market may lead to changes on another. In this paper we analyze the interaction of the natural gas network with the electricity network applying a partial equilibrium approach. The model is applied to a stylized representation of the European energy markets. We apply the model to two cases: first the impact of a supply reduction of natural gas on both markets by cutting imports from Russia, and second, the impact of the introduction of an emission restriction on electricity generation. Since natural gas can be an input for electricity generation, gas price level changes alter the generation dispatch. However, the network character of both markets leads to further effects that are not obvious on first sight. Congestion between markets and particular effects due to loop flows in electricity markets can lead to price and quantity effects in markets far away from the initial cause of market changes.

Suggested Citation

  • Abrell, Jan & Weigt, Hannes, 2010. "Combining Energy Networks," MPRA Paper 65504, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:65504
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Möst, Dominik & Perlwitz, Holger, 2009. "Prospects of gas supply until 2020 in Europe and its relevance for the power sector in the context of emission trading," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1510-1522.
    7. Nikolaos Kouvaritakis & Antonio Soria & Stephane Isoard, 2000. "Modelling energy technology dynamics: methodology for adaptive expectations models with learning by doing and learning by searching," International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 14(1/2/3/4), pages 104-115.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Helga Habis & Dávid Csercsik, 2015. "Cooperation with Externalities and Uncertainty," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 1-16, March.
    2. repec:wsi:ccexxx:v:04:y:2013:i:supp0:n:s201000781340006x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ibrahim Abada & Steven Gabriel & Vincent Briat & Olivier Massol, 2013. "A Generalized Nash–Cournot Model for the Northwestern European Natural Gas Markets with a Fuel Substitution Demand Function: The GaMMES Model," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 1-42, March.
    4. Jan Abrell & Clemens Gerbaulet & Franziska Holz & Casimir Lorenz & Hannes Weigt, 2013. "Combining Energy Networks: The Impact of Europe's Natural Gas Network on Electricity Markets until 2050," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1317, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. repec:kap:netspa:v:17:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11067-016-9336-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jan Abrell and Hannes Weigt, 2016. "Investments in a Combined Energy Network Model: Substitution between Natural Gas and Electricity?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4).
    7. Mel Devine & James Gleeson & John Kinsella & David Ramsey, 2014. "A Rolling Optimisation Model of the UK Natural Gas Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 209-244, June.
    8. Olaf Jonkeren & Ivano Azzini & Luca Galbusera & Stavros Ntalampiras & Georgios Giannopoulos, 2015. "Analysis of Critical Infrastructure Network Failure in the European Union: A Combined Systems Engineering and Economic Model," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 253-270, June.
    9. Anne Neumann & Juan Rosellón & Hannes Weigt, 2015. "Removing Cross-Border Capacity Bottlenecks in the European Natural Gas Market—A Proposed Merchant-Regulatory Mechanism," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 149-181, March.
    10. Devine, Mel & Bertsch, Valentin, 2016. "Examining the Benefits of Load Shedding Strategies using a Rolling-Horizon Stochastic Mixed Complementarity Equilibrium Model," Papers WP541, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    11. Deane, J.P. & Ó Ciaráin, M. & Ó Gallachóir, B.P., 2017. "An integrated gas and electricity model of the EU energy system to examine supply interruptions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 193(C), pages 479-490.
    12. repec:eee:energy:v:149:y:2018:i:c:p:779-791 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Jan Abrell & Friedrich Kunz, 2015. "Integrating Intermittent Renewable Wind Generation - A Stochastic Multi-Market Electricity Model for the European Electricity Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 117-147, March.
    14. repec:aen:journl:ej37-si3-abrell is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Egging, Ruud, 2013. "Benders Decomposition for multi-stage stochastic mixed complementarity problems – Applied to a global natural gas market model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 226(2), pages 341-353.
    16. Jonas Egerer, 2016. "Open Source Electricity Model for Germany (ELMOD-DE)," Data Documentation 83, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity network; Natural gas network; Europe; MCP;

    JEL classification:

    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities

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