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Combining Energy Networks

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  • Jan Abrell

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  • Hannes Weigt

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Abstract

Electricity markets depend on upstream energy markets to supply the fuels needed for generation. Since these markets rely on networks, congestion in one can quickly produce changes in another. In this paper we develop a combined partial equilibrium market model which includes the interactions of natural gas and electricity networks. We apply the model to a stylized representation of Europe’s electricity and natural gas markets to illustrate the upstream and downstream feedback effects which are not obvious on first sight. We find that both congestion and loop-flow effects in electricity markets impact prices and quantities in markets located far from the initial cause of the market changes. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Abrell & Hannes Weigt, 2012. "Combining Energy Networks," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 377-401, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:netspa:v:12:y:2012:i:3:p:377-401
    DOI: 10.1007/s11067-011-9160-0
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    Cited by:

    1. Avraam, Charalampos & Bistline, John E.T. & Brown, Maxwell & Vaillancourt, Kathleen & Siddiqui, Sauleh, 2021. "North American natural gas market and infrastructure developments under different mechanisms of renewable policy coordination," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 148(PB).
    2. Zahedi Rad, Vahid & Torabi, S. Ali & Shakouri G., Hamed, 2019. "Joint electricity generation and transmission expansion planning under integrated gas and power system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 523-537.
    3. Franziska Holz & Christian Von Hirschhausen, 2013. "The Infrastructure Implications Of The Energy Transformation In Europe Until 2050 — Lessons From The Emf28 Modeling Exercise," Climate Change Economics (CCE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(supp0), pages 1-26.
    4. Olufolajimi Oke & Daniel Huppmann & Max Marshall & Ricky Poulton & Sauleh Siddiqui, 2019. "Multimodal Transportation Flows in Energy Networks with an Application to Crude Oil Markets," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 521-555, June.
    5. Qu, Kaiping & Yu, Tao & Huang, Linni & Yang, Bo & Zhang, Xiaoshun, 2018. "Decentralized optimal multi-energy flow of large-scale integrated energy systems in a carbon trading market," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 779-791.
    6. Egging-Bratseth, Ruud & Baltensperger, Tobias & Tomasgard, Asgeir, 2020. "Solving oligopolistic equilibrium problems with convex optimization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 284(1), pages 44-52.
    7. Egging, Ruud, 2013. "Benders Decomposition for multi-stage stochastic mixed complementarity problems – Applied to a global natural gas market model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 226(2), pages 341-353.
    8. Jonas Egerer, 2016. "Open Source Electricity Model for Germany (ELMOD-DE)," Data Documentation 83, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Jan Abrell & Clemens Gerbaulet & Franziska Holz & Casimir Lorenz & Hannes Weigt, 2013. "Combining Energy Networks: The Impact of Europe's Natural Gas Network on Electricity Markets until 2050," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1317, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Mel Devine & James Gleeson & John Kinsella & David Ramsey, 2014. "A Rolling Optimisation Model of the UK Natural Gas Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 209-244, June.
    11. Olaf Jonkeren & Ivano Azzini & Luca Galbusera & Stavros Ntalampiras & Georgios Giannopoulos, 2015. "Analysis of Critical Infrastructure Network Failure in the European Union: A Combined Systems Engineering and Economic Model," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 253-270, June.
    12. Abrell, Jan & Chavaz, Léo & Weigt, Hannes, 2019. "Dealing with Supply Disruptions on the European Natural Gas Market: Infrastructure Investments or Coordinated Policies?," Working papers 2019/11, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    13. Jan Abrell and Hannes Weigt, 2016. "Investments in a Combined Energy Network Model: Substitution between Natural Gas and Electricity?," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4).
    14. Jan Abrell & Friedrich Kunz, 2015. "Integrating Intermittent Renewable Wind Generation - A Stochastic Multi-Market Electricity Model for the European Electricity Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 117-147, March.
    15. Ibrahim Abada & Steven Gabriel & Vincent Briat & Olivier Massol, 2013. "A Generalized Nash–Cournot Model for the Northwestern European Natural Gas Markets with a Fuel Substitution Demand Function: The GaMMES Model," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 1-42, March.
    16. Helga Habis & Dávid Csercsik, 2015. "Cooperation with Externalities and Uncertainty," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 1-16, March.
    17. Anne Neumann & Juan Rosellón & Hannes Weigt, 2015. "Removing Cross-Border Capacity Bottlenecks in the European Natural Gas Market—A Proposed Merchant-Regulatory Mechanism," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 149-181, March.
    18. Deane, J.P. & Ó Ciaráin, M. & Ó Gallachóir, B.P., 2017. "An integrated gas and electricity model of the EU energy system to examine supply interruptions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 193(C), pages 479-490.
    19. Devine, Mel T. & Bertsch, Valentin, 2018. "Examining the benefits of load shedding strategies using a rolling-horizon stochastic mixed complementarity equilibrium model," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 267(2), pages 643-658.
    20. Zhaomiao Guo & Yueyue Fan, 2017. "A Stochastic Multi-agent Optimization Model for Energy Infrastructure Planning under Uncertainty in An Oligopolistic Market," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 581-609, June.
    21. Jan Abrell and Hannes Weigt, 2016. "The Short and Long Term Impact of Europe's Natural Gas Market on Electricity Markets until 2050," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Sustainab).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity network; Natural gas network; Europe; MCP;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques

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