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Real Exchange Rate and Real Effective Exchange Rate Measurement: Some theoretical Extensions


  • ibrahim, waheed
  • Jimoh, Ayodele


ABSTRACT The paper has provided theoretical extensions to the computations of nominal effective exchange rate and the real effective exchange rate over time. The extension took cognizance of the common base currency (USD) to which all currencies of the world is usually converted. The paper compared its computations with that of the CBN computations in attempt to provide a litmus test on the extensions. It was observed that the two computations were of preserving order with a very high correlation coefficient between the two computations. However, it was observed that the extensions perform better as it’s reflects more of changes in exchange rate of Nigerian economy. The difference was attributed to the increased in the number of trading partners that was involved in the latter. At the end from the result obtained, the paper recommends that the extension should always be taken into considerations in the computations of effective exchange rate especially for the developing nations like Nigeria; also, Central banks of these countries should endeavour to include as many trading partners as possible into their computations. The paper believes that until this done, their effective rates computations may not reflect the actual changes in the exchange rate of their respective countries.

Suggested Citation

  • ibrahim, waheed & Jimoh, Ayodele, 2012. "Real Exchange Rate and Real Effective Exchange Rate Measurement: Some theoretical Extensions," MPRA Paper 59428, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:59428

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Menzie Chinn, 2006. "A Primer on Real Effective Exchange Rates: Determinants, Overvaluation, Trade Flows and Competitive Devaluation," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 115-143, January.
    2. Abdul Qayyum & Muhammad Arshad Khan & Khair-U-Zaman, 2004. "Exchange Rate Misalignment in Pakistan: Evidence from Purchasing Power Parity Theory," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 43(4), pages 721-735.
    3. Elmar B Koch, 1984. "The measurement of effective exchange rates," BIS Working Papers 10, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Elbadawi, Ibrahim A & Soto, Raimundo, 1997. "Real Exchange Rates and Macroeconomic Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa and Other Developing Countries," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies, vol. 6(3), pages 74-120, Supplemen.
    5. International Monetary Fund, 1999. "Exchange Rate Unification, the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, and Choice of Exchange Rate Regime: The Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran," IMF Working Papers 1999/015, International Monetary Fund.
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    More about this item


    Keywords: nominal; Real; Effective rates; CBN; correlation coefficients; trading partners;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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