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Les transferts des fonds des migrants marocains : Leviers de croissance et du développement
[Remittances of Moroccan migrants: Levers of growth and development]

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  • Bouoiyour, Jamal

Abstract

Remittances are an important source of external financing for a country like Morocco. We show in this paper the properties of these financial flows. Indeed, we show that remittances are more stable than foreign direct investment. They are pro-cyclical in some periods and countercyclical in others. We show also that they reduce the gender inequalities in education. They do not cause Dutch disease and promote financial development. While Moroccan officials in charge of migration issues have managed to maintain an uninterrupted flow of transfers for decades, but the question of the assignment is acute. The multiplication of actors in charge of migration issues is a key obstacle to the effectiveness of these transfers. An aggiornamento of governance of migration issues in Morocco seems more than necessary.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2013. "Les transferts des fonds des migrants marocains : Leviers de croissance et du développement
    [Remittances of Moroccan migrants: Levers of growth and development]
    ," MPRA Paper 50537, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50537
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50537/4/MPRA_paper_50537.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Valero-Gil, Jorge, 2008. "Remittances and the household’s expenditures on health," MPRA Paper 9572, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. I-Ling Shen & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2010. "Remittances and inequality: a dynamic migration model," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 8(2), pages 197-220, June.
    3. Esteves, Rui & Khoudour-Castéras, David, 2011. "Remittances, capital flows and financial development during the mass migration period, 1870–1913," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 443-474, December.
    4. bouoiyour, jamal, 2008. "Diaspora et dévelopement: Quelles intercations dans le cas marocain?
      [Diaspora and developement: What intercations in the Moroccan case?]
      ," MPRA Paper 37216, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    6. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Emonnot, Claude & Rey, Serge, 2005. "Régimes de change intermédiaires dans les économies émergentes: le cas du Maroc
      [Intermediate Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Economies: The Case of Morocco]
      ," MPRA Paper 30215, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Alejandra Cox Edwards & Manuelita Ureta, 2003. "International Migration, Remittances, and Schooling: Evidence from El Salvador," NBER Working Papers 9766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
    9. Bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Migration, Diaspora et développement humain
      [Migration, Diaspora and Human Development]
      ," MPRA Paper 37014, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. bouoiyour, jamal & bennaghmouch, Saloua, 2002. "Capital humain et croissance économique au Maroc
      [Human Capital and Economic Growth in Morocco]
      ," MPRA Paper 29163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Farid Farid, 2014. "The impact of exchange rate policy on remittances in Morocco: A Threshold VAR analysis," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(4), pages 2351-2360.
    2. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Miftah, Amal & Selmi, Refk, 2014. "Do Financial Flows raise or reduce Economic growth Volatility? Some Lessons from Moroccan case," MPRA Paper 57258, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Human Capital; Gender Parity Index; Business Cycles; ARCH Model; Financial Development; Dutch disease; Governance.;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances

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