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National Identity and Religious Diversity

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  • Harttgen, Kenneth
  • Opfinger, Matthias

Abstract

We construct an index for national identity using information from the World Values Survey on peoples' affection towards the nation. We then analyze the relationship between national identity and religious diversity. The results show that religious diversity is significantly and negatively related to national identity. We also find support for the previous finding that ethnic diversity does not seem to be related to national identity. Democratic institutions and mobility throughout the country are positively related to national identity if religious diversity is sufficiently high. Democratic institutions can overcome the negative effect of religious diversity on national identity.

Suggested Citation

  • Harttgen, Kenneth & Opfinger, Matthias, 2013. "National Identity and Religious Diversity," MPRA Paper 50151, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50151
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    as


    Cited by:

    1. Matthias Opfinger, 2014. "Two Sides of a Medal: the Changing Relationship between Religious Diversity and Religiosity," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 72(4), pages 523-548, October.
    2. repec:bla:kyklos:v:70:y:2017:i:4:p:511-545 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    National Identity; Minority Groups; Common Values; Democratic Institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion

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