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The development of the brazilian amazon region and greenhouse gases emission: a dilemma to be faced!

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  • Imori, Denise
  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins
  • David, Leticia Scretas
  • Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan
  • Waisman, Caio

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to verify the existence of possible tradeoffs between policies direct to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) with the ones direct to foster the development of the Brazilian Amazon Region, which is one of the poorest in the country. In order to achieve this goal, this paper uses an interregional input-output (I-O) model, estimated for the Brazilian economy for the year of 2004. The I-O model is used to make a comparison between the economical and the environmental relevance of each sector in the economies of the Amazon region and the rest of Brazil. This study considers the greenhouse gases emissions not only from the economic activities by itself, but, also for the more important factor of the land-use changes. This is a fact of most importance, given that in 2005, about 60% of the Brazilian GHGs emissions were due to the land-use change in its different biomes. Moreover, in the Brazilian Amazon region, especially in the last decades, the deforestation was linked mainly to economic factors than to policies conducted by the government. The results show that the sectors with the greatest importance in terms of emissions are cattle and soybean production. Also, they are also the most prominent for the region's economic development. This poses a dilemma that needs to be faced not only by Brazil, but also by the developed nations, as the burden of the reduction in the greenhouse gases emission in the Brazilian Amazon region cannot be only put on the poor population of the region!

Suggested Citation

  • Imori, Denise & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & David, Leticia Scretas & Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan & Waisman, Caio, 2011. "The development of the brazilian amazon region and greenhouse gases emission: a dilemma to be faced!," MPRA Paper 31132, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31132
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31132/1/MPRA_paper_31132.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nordhaus, William D, 1991. "To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(407), pages 920-937, July.
    2. Sesso Filho, Umberto Antonio & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2009. "Estrutura produtiva do Pará: Uma análise de insumo-produto
      [Production structure of Para: An Analysis of input-output]
      ," MPRA Paper 30732, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Conejero, Marco Antonio & Farina, Elizabeth Maria Mercier Querido, 2003. "Carbon Market: Business Incentives For Sustainability," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 5(04).
    4. Miller,Ronald E. & Blair,Peter D., 2009. "Input-Output Analysis," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521517133.
    5. Miller,Ronald E. & Blair,Peter D., 2009. "Input-Output Analysis," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521739023.
    6. Guilhoto, J. J. M. & Sonis, M. & Hewings, G. J. D., 2005. "Linkages and Multipliers in a Multiregional Framework: Integration of Alternative Approaches," MPRA Paper 38213, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Imori, Denise & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & David, Letícia Scretas & Gutierre, Leopoldo Millan & Waisman, Caio, 2011. "Regional development and greenhouse gases emission: the case of the Amazon Region," MPRA Paper 40606, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Amazon Region; Greenhouse Gases; Brazil; Input-Output; Economic Development; Productive Structure; Deforestation;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

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