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An Expose of Bioenergy and its Potential and Utilization in Turkey

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  • Erdogdu, Erkan

Abstract

Turkey is heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources (oil, gas and coal) that place a big burden on the economy. Air pollution is also becoming a great environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's renewable sources are the second largest source for energy production after coal. About two-thirds of the renewable energy produced is obtained from bioenergy, which is used to meet a variety of energy needs, including generating electricity, heating homes, fueling vehicles and providing process heat for industrial facilities. The amount of usable bioenergy potential of Turkey is approximately 17 Mtoe. This article not only presents a review of the potential and utilization of the bioenergy in Turkey but also provides some guidelines for policy makers.

Suggested Citation

  • Erdogdu, Erkan, 2008. "An Expose of Bioenergy and its Potential and Utilization in Turkey," MPRA Paper 19097, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19097
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2002. "Turkey and Europe: Undivided but not united," MPRA Paper 26928, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. World Commission on Environment and Development,, 1987. "Our Common Future," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780192820808.
    3. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2005. "Energy market reforms in Turkey: An economic analysis," MPRA Paper 26929, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Dumanli, Ahu Gümrah & Gulyurtlu, Ibrahim & Yürüm, Yuda, 2007. "Fuel supply chain analysis of Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(9), pages 2058-2082, December.
    5. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Nuclear power in open energy markets: A case study of Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 3061-3073, May.
    6. Kondili, E.M. & Kaldellis, J.K., 2007. "Biofuel implementation in East Europe: Current status and future prospects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(9), pages 2137-2151, December.
    7. Evrendilek, F & Ertekin, C, 2003. "Assessing the potential of renewable energy sources in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(15), pages 2303-2315.
    8. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Regulatory reform in Turkish energy industry: An analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 984-993, February.
    9. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Electricity demand analysis using cointegration and ARIMA modelling: A case study of Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 1129-1146, February.
    10. Kone, Aylin Cigdem & Buke, Tayfun, 2007. "An Analytical Network Process (ANP) evaluation of alternative fuels for electricity generation in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 5220-5228, October.
    11. Bomb, Christian & McCormick, Kes & Deurwaarder, Ewout & Kaberger, Tomas, 2007. "Biofuels for transport in Europe: Lessons from Germany and the UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 2256-2267, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2010. "A paper on the unsettled question of Turkish electricity market: Balancing and settlement system (Part I)," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 251-258, January.
    2. Bilgen, Selçuk & Keleş, Sedat & Sarıkaya, İkbal & Kaygusuz, Kamil, 2015. "A perspective for potential and technology of bioenergy in Turkey: Present case and future view," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 228-239.
    3. Baris, Kemal & Kucukali, Serhat, 2012. "Availibility of renewable energy sources in Turkey: Current situation, potential, government policies and the EU perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 377-391.
    4. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2009. "On the wind energy in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(6-7), pages 1361-1371, August.
    5. Toklu, E., 2017. "Biomass energy potential and utilization in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 235-244.
    6. Celiktas, Melih Soner & Kocar, Gunnur, 2009. "A quadratic helix approach to evaluate the Turkish renewable energies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4959-4965, November.
    7. Arslan, RIdvan & Ulusoy, Yahya & Tekin, Yücel & Sürmen, Ali, 2010. "An evaluation of the alternative transport fuel policies for Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 3030-3037, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bioenergy; Biomass; Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy

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