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An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy


  • Erdogdu, Erkan


Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey has a total gross hydropower potential of 433Â TWh/year and 140Â TWh/year of this capacity can be used economically, corresponding to the second largest economic potential in Europe. Currently only 35% of economic hydro potential of the country is utilized. After completion of hydropower plants under construction, this figure will increase to 49%. It is obvious that even after the construction of all projects there will still be a huge hydro potential in Turkey. Besides, Turkey is a poor country in terms of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal and so on) and has no nuclear power plant in operation, which strengthens the role of hydro energy among other alternatives.

Suggested Citation

  • Erdogdu, Erkan, 2011. "An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 689-696, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:1:p:689-696

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kucukali, Serhat & Baris, Kemal, 2009. "Assessment of small hydropower (SHP) development in Turkey: Laws, regulations and EU policy perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3872-3879, October.
    2. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2005. "Energy market reforms in Turkey: An economic analysis," MPRA Paper 26929, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2009. "A snapshot of geothermal energy potential and utilization in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(9), pages 2535-2543, December.
    4. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Nuclear power in open energy markets: A case study of Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 3061-3073, May.
    5. Lise, Wietze, 2009. "Towards a higher share of distributed generation in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4320-4328, November.
    6. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Regulatory reform in Turkish energy industry: An analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 984-993, February.
    7. Balat, Havva, 2008. "Contribution of green energy sources to electrical power production of Turkey: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 1652-1666, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ghadimi, A.A. & Razavi, F. & Mohammadian, B., 2011. "Determining optimum location and capacity for micro hydropower plants in Lorestan province in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(8), pages 4125-4131.
    2. Çapik, Mehmet & Yılmaz, Ali Osman & Çavuşoğlu, İbrahim, 2012. "Present situation and potential role of renewable energy in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 1-13.
    3. Akpınar, Adem, 2013. "The contribution of hydropower in meeting electric energy needs: The case of Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 206-219.
    4. Yuksel, Ibrahim, 2013. "Renewable energy status of electricity generation and future prospect hydropower in Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1037-1043.
    5. Wagner, Beatrice & Hauer, Christoph & Schoder, Angelika & Habersack, Helmut, 2015. "A review of hydropower in Austria: Past, present and future development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 304-314.
    6. repec:eee:rensus:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:1367-1377 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Melikoglu, Mehmet, 2013. "Hydropower in Turkey: Analysis in the view of Vision 2023," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 503-510.
    8. Yousefi-Sahzabi, Amin & Unlu-Yucesoy, Eda & Sasaki, Kyuro & Yuosefi, Hossein & Widiatmojo, Arif & Sugai, Yuichi, 2017. "Turkish challenges for low-carbon society: Current status, government policies and social acceptance," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 68(P1), pages 596-608.
    9. Liu, Jian & Zuo, Jian & Sun, Zhiyu & Zillante, George & Chen, Xianming, 2013. "Sustainability in hydropower development—A case study," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 230-237.
    10. Mohammed, Y.S. & Mustafa, M.W. & Bashir, N., 2014. "Hybrid renewable energy systems for off-grid electric power: Review of substantial issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 527-539.
    11. Pottmaier, D. & Melo, C.R. & Sartor, M.N. & Kuester, S. & Amadio, T.M. & Fernandes, C.A.H. & Marinha, D. & Alarcon, O.E., 2013. "The Brazilian energy matrix: From a materials science and engineering perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 678-691.
    12. Mustafa Gözen, 2014. "Renewable Energy Support Mechanism in Turkey: Financial Analysis and Recommendations to Policymakers," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 274-287.
    13. Kelly-Richards, Sarah & Silber-Coats, Noah & Crootof, Arica & Tecklin, David & Bauer, Carl, 2017. "Governing the transition to renewable energy: A review of impacts and policy issues in the small hydropower boom," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 251-264.
    14. repec:eee:rensus:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:1253-1261 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Hydro energy Energy policy Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy


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