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A novel hybrid ensemble learning paradigm for nuclear energy consumption forecasting


  • Tang, Ling
  • Yu, Lean
  • Wang, Shuai
  • Li, Jianping
  • Wang, Shouyang


In this paper, a novel hybrid ensemble learning paradigm integrating ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and least squares support vector regression (LSSVR) is proposed for nuclear energy consumption forecasting, based on the principle of “decomposition and ensemble”. This hybrid ensemble learning paradigm is formulated specifically to address difficulties in modeling nuclear energy consumption, which has inherently high volatility, complexity and irregularity. In the proposed hybrid ensemble learning paradigm, EEMD, as a competitive decomposition method, is first applied to decompose original data of nuclear energy consumption (i.e. a difficult task) into a number of independent intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) of original data (i.e. some relatively easy subtasks). Then LSSVR, as a powerful forecasting tool, is implemented to predict all extracted IMFs independently. Finally, these predicted IMFs are aggregated into an ensemble result as final prediction, using another LSSVR. For illustration and verification purposes, the proposed learning paradigm is used to predict nuclear energy consumption in China. Empirical results demonstrate that the novel hybrid ensemble learning paradigm can outperform some other popular forecasting models in both level prediction and directional forecasting, indicating that it is a promising tool to predict complex time series with high volatility and irregularity.

Suggested Citation

  • Tang, Ling & Yu, Lean & Wang, Shuai & Li, Jianping & Wang, Shouyang, 2012. "A novel hybrid ensemble learning paradigm for nuclear energy consumption forecasting," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 432-443.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:93:y:2012:i:c:p:432-443
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.12.030

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    Cited by:

    1. Leung, Philip C.M. & Lee, Eric W.M., 2013. "Estimation of electrical power consumption in subway station design by intelligent approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 634-643.
    2. Yu, Lean & Zhao, Yang & Tang, Ling, 2014. "A compressed sensing based AI learning paradigm for crude oil price forecasting," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 236-245.
    3. Yu, Lean & Wang, Zishu & Tang, Ling, 2015. "A decomposition–ensemble model with data-characteristic-driven reconstruction for crude oil price forecasting," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 251-267.
    4. Xiong, Tao & Bao, Yukun & Hu, Zhongyi, 2013. "Beyond one-step-ahead forecasting: Evaluation of alternative multi-step-ahead forecasting models for crude oil prices," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 405-415.
    5. Xue-hua Zhao & Xu Chen, 2015. "Auto Regressive and Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Hybrid Model for Annual Runoff Forecasting," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 29(8), pages 2913-2926, June.
    6. Lean Yu & Zebin Yang & Ling Tang, 2016. "Prediction-Based Multi-Objective Optimization for Oil Purchasing and Distribution with the NSGA-II Algorithm," International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making (IJITDM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 15(02), pages 423-451, March.
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:148:y:2018:i:c:p:49-58 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lv, You & Liu, Jizhen & Yang, Tingting & Zeng, Deliang, 2013. "A novel least squares support vector machine ensemble model for NOx emission prediction of a coal-fired boiler," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 319-329.
    9. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:123-136 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Tang, Ling & Yu, Lean & He, Kaijian, 2014. "A novel data-characteristic-driven modeling methodology for nuclear energy consumption forecasting," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 1-14.
    11. Tascikaraoglu, A. & Erdinc, O. & Uzunoglu, M. & Karakas, A., 2014. "An adaptive load dispatching and forecasting strategy for a virtual power plant including renewable energy conversion units," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 445-453.
    12. repec:eee:appene:v:197:y:2017:i:c:p:151-162 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:eee:renene:v:113:y:2017:i:c:p:1345-1358 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Zhu, Bangzhu & Han, Dong & Wang, Ping & Wu, Zhanchi & Zhang, Tao & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2017. "Forecasting carbon price using empirical mode decomposition and evolutionary least squares support vector regression," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 191(C), pages 521-530.


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