Estimación del spread de tasas de corto y largo plazo: Un indicador de alerta temprana
[An estimation of short and long term rates spread: a leading indicator]
The relation between short and long term rates spread and economic growth has been widely argued on the international literature. Evidence from developed countries shows that the term structure of interest rates, frequently, contains relevant information concerning the economic growth dynamics. In many cases, the recession periods on the economy has been preceded by negative spreads, that means the short term interest rates exceed the long term ones (an interest rate reversion). Lately in Chile, it has been observed a greater convergence between short term interest rates (measured by the monetary policy real interest rate) and long term interest rates (measured by the 15 years mortgage rate). In fact, if we consider that the interest rate spread could be a leading indicator for future economic activity it would be interesting to know the spread evolution. The objective of this paper is to measure statistically the persistence of the present spread and estimate its long term evolution. The main finding is that the spread level is likely to stay on a low spread and volatility regime, but the statistic evidence does not show that the economy presents an interest rate reversion on the long run. Then, the most likely scenario is that on the long run the economy presents a growth rate similar to its potential.
|Date of creation:||04 Dec 2006|
|Date of revision:||12 Mar 2007|
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