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Understanding the Theories and Interventions of Motivation in Organization Development


  • Marczak, Emily
  • Yawson, Robert


This article reviews theories of motivation in the workplace, what these theories look like in the modern workplace, and interventions designed to increase individual and system-wide organizational motivation. We explored a wide range of theories, including the expectancy theory, Maslow’s hierarchy, the motivation-hygiene theory, the equity theory, reward structures, cognitive evaluation theory, and feedback, to formulate conclusions about common organization development (OD) interventions that are meant to address the theories. Reviewed interventions include; organization structure design, achievement orientation, goal setting, job design, quality feedback, and empowerment programs. We followed a multidisciplinary integrated literature review approach to move beyond merely summarizing the literature but substantially contributing new and valuable knowledge to the fields of leadership and organization development. The research cements the need for understanding individuals’ needs and goals, the value of quality feedback, rewarding positive behavior, leading with fairness, and allowing space for autonomy.

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  • Marczak, Emily & Yawson, Robert, 2021. "Understanding the Theories and Interventions of Motivation in Organization Development," MPRA Paper 108001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:108001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fatih Çetin & Duysal Aşkun, 2018. "The effect of occupational self-efficacy on work performance through intrinsic work motivation," Management Research Review, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 41(2), pages 186-201, March.
    2. Snyder, Hannah, 2019. "Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 333-339.
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    More about this item


    motivation in the workplace; employee engagement; reward; needs hierarchy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • M0 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - General
    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects

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