Testing Distributional Inequalities and Asymptotic Bias
When Barret and Donald (2003) in Econometrica proposed a consistent test of stochastic dominance, they were silent about the asymptotic unbiasedness of their tests against √n-converging Pitman local alternatives. This paper shows that when we focus on first-order stochastic dominance, there exists a wide class of √n-converging Pitman local alternatives against which their test is asymptotically biased, i.e., having the local asymptotic power strictly below the asymptotic size. This phenomenon more generally applies to one-sided nonparametric tests which have a sup norm of a shifted standard Brownian bridge as their limit under √n-converging Pitman local alternatives. Among other examples are tests of independence or conditional independence. We provide an intuitive explanation behind this phenomenon, and illustrate the implications using the simulation studies.
|Date of creation:||19 Feb 2008|
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- Garry F. Barrett & Stephen G. Donald, 2003. "Consistent Tests for Stochastic Dominance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 71-104, January.