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Welchen Einfluss hat die Anwesenheit von ausländischen und multinationalen Unternehmungen auf die deutschen Exporte?

  • B. Michael Gilroy

    ()

    (University of Paderborn)

  • Elmar Lukas

    ()

    (Otto-von-Guericke University)

  • Christian Heimann

    ()

    (University of Paderborn)

Die technologische Leistungsfähigkeit einer Volkswirtschaft hat einen bedeutenden Einfluss auf den Handel. Darüber hinaus spielt auch die Innovationsleistung des Auslandes eine wichtige Rolle. Der internationale Handel und Auslandsdirektinvestitionen (FDI) ermöglichen die Übertragung von Wissen und Innovation durch F&E-Spillover. In einer Querschnittanalyse für den Zeitraum 1990 bis 2008 werden die bilateralen Exportströme Deutschlands in die restlichen 31 OECD-Länder untersucht. Anhand eines erweiterten Gravitationsmodells wird analysiert, welchen Einfluss die Innovationsfähigkeit der Handelspartner und die Forschungsintensität von auslandischen Multinationalen Unternehmen (MNU) auf die deutschen Exporte ausüben. Die Ergebnisse bestätigen die aufgestellten Hypothesen, dass sowohl die Innovationsfähigkeit der Handelspartner als auch FDI einen signifikanten positiven Einfluss auf den Handel haben. Je innovativer die ausländischen MNU in Deutschland sind, umso höher sind die heimischen Exporte.

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Paper provided by University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics in its series Working Papers CIE with number 31.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:31
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