IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Poverty in Shenzhen

  • Stefan Gravemeyer

    ()

    (University of Paderborn)

  • Thomas Gries

    ()

    (University of Paderborn)

  • Jinjun Xue

    (Nagoya University)

The assessment and alleviation of poverty remains an urgent question throughout the globe. Urban poverty, in particular is becoming more prevalent in China due to immense migration in recent years. To what extent is migration related to poverty, and do the factors that drag households into poverty differ between migrants and non-migrants? Do migrants face income discrimination resulting in poverty? Shenzhen, one of the most highly developed cities in mainland China, with unprecedented growth and a huge migrant population and major income inequality, is an especially interesting case. Does everyone participate in the drastically increasing prosperity or are some population groups left behind? We use the 2005 Shenzhen household survey which explicitly includes migrants to investigate these questions. Using new purchasing power parity prices from the World Bank’s International Comparison Project, corrected by a regional expense basket, we estimate poverty in Shenzhen. We find that severe poverty is low in Shenzhen but that relative poverty is significant. We conduct Probit, Tobit and OLS regressions to examine the connections between migratory status and poverty. We find that migrants are much more at risk, and that the causes of poverty differ drastically from those that apply in the case of their non-migrant counterparts. Several of the causes of poverty are social in nature or due to discrimination and will remain a problem for poverty alleviation.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://groups.uni-paderborn.de/wp-wiwi/RePEc/pdf/ciepap/WP28.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics in its series Working Papers CIE with number 28.

as
in new window

Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:28
Contact details of provider: Postal: 05251/05251/60-2108
Phone: 05251/05251/60-2108
Fax: 05251/60-3205
Web page: http://wiwi.uni-paderborn.de/center/cie/
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Lu, Zhigang & Song, Shunfeng, 2006. "Rural-urban migration and wage determination: The case of Tianjin, China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 337-345.
  2. Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Issues in measuring and modeling poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1615, The World Bank.
  3. C Cindy Fan, 2001. "Migration and labor-market returns in urban China: results from a recent survey in Guangzhou," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(3), pages 479-508, March.
  4. Jinjun Xue & Wei Zhong, 2003. "Unemployment, Poverty and Income Disparity in Urban China," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 383-405, December.
  5. John Knight & Lina Song, 2003. "Increasing urban wage inequality in China," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 11(4), pages 597-619, December.
  6. Grootaert, Christiaan & Braithwaite, Jeanine, 1998. "Poverty correlates and indicator-based targeting in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1942, The World Bank.
  7. Grootaert, Christiaan, 1997. "The Determinants of Poverty in Cote d'Ivoire in the 1980s," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(2), pages 169-96, July.
  8. Knight, John & Song, Lina, 1999. "The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198293309, March.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:28. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (WP-WiWi-Info)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.