Poverty in Shenzhen
The assessment and alleviation of poverty remains an urgent question throughout the globe. Urban poverty, in particular is becoming more prevalent in China due to immense migration in recent years. To what extent is migration related to poverty, and do the factors that drag households into poverty differ between migrants and non-migrants? Do migrants face income discrimination resulting in poverty? Shenzhen, one of the most highly developed cities in mainland China, with unprecedented growth and a huge migrant population and major income inequality, is an especially interesting case. Does everyone participate in the drastically increasing prosperity or are some population groups left behind? We use the 2005 Shenzhen household survey which explicitly includes migrants to investigate these questions. Using new purchasing power parity prices from the World Bank’s International Comparison Project, corrected by a regional expense basket, we estimate poverty in Shenzhen. We find that severe poverty is low in Shenzhen but that relative poverty is significant. We conduct Probit, Tobit and OLS regressions to examine the connections between migratory status and poverty. We find that migrants are much more at risk, and that the causes of poverty differ drastically from those that apply in the case of their non-migrant counterparts. Several of the causes of poverty are social in nature or due to discrimination and will remain a problem for poverty alleviation.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2010|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 05251/05251/60-2108|
Web page: http://wiwi.uni-paderborn.de/center/cie/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Knight, John & Song, Lina, 1999. "The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198293309, December.
- Jinjun Xue & Wei Zhong, 2003. "Unemployment, Poverty and Income Disparity in Urban China," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 17(4), pages 383-405, December.
- Grootaert, Christiaan & Braithwaite, Jeanine, 1998. "Poverty correlates and indicator-based targeting in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1942, The World Bank.
- Aimin Chen & N. Edward Coulson, 2002. "Determinants of Urban Migration: Evidence from Chinese Cities," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(12), pages 2189-2197, November.
- John Knight & Lina Song, 2003. "Increasing urban wage inequality in China," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 11(4), pages 597-619, December.
- C Cindy Fan, 2001. "Migration and labor-market returns in urban China: results from a recent survey in Guangzhou," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(3), pages 479-508, March.
- Lu, Zhigang & Song, Shunfeng, 2006. "Rural-urban migration and wage determination: The case of Tianjin, China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 337-345.
- Ravallion, Martin, 1996.
"Issues in measuring and modeling poverty,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
1615, The World Bank.
- Grootaert, Christiaan, 1997. "The Determinants of Poverty in Cote d'Ivoire in the 1980s," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(2), pages 169-196, July.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:28. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (WP-WiWi-Info)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.