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Las características del adulto mayor peruano y las políticas de protección social

  • Javier Olivera

    (Universidad de Luxemburgo)

  • Jhonatan Clausen

    (Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

El presente documento busca, en primer lugar, realizar una caracterización de las condiciones socio-económicas de la población de adultos mayores en el Perú con énfasis en la situación de pobreza y desprotección social de este segmento de población. El análisis de la ENAHO 2011 revela que la mayor cantidad de personas mayores de 65 años que se encuentran en situación de extrema pobreza residen en la sierra rural. Del mismo modo, se observa que únicamente el 1% de adultos mayores pobres extremos tienen acceso a algún tipo de pensión; y que la mayor proporción adultos mayores en situación de pobreza extrema viven en hogares de 1 ó 2 miembros, lo cual acentúa su vulnerabilidad. En segundo lugar, se realiza una revisión de las principales intervenciones de política orientadas a los adultos mayores en Perú, incluyendo políticas de gran escala como la pensión social Pensión 65 e intervenciones más acotadas relacionadas al bienestar general y derechos de los adultos mayores. Finalmente, revisamos la literatura y políticas dirigidas al adulto mayor de otros países y mostramos algunas evidencias se sus impactos, lo cual puede ser útil para proponer nuevos programas dirigidos a los adultos mayores en Perú.

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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers with number 2013-360.

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Length: 78 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00360
Contact details of provider: Postal: Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú
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