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Do wage subsidies affect the subsequent employment stability of permanent workers?: the case of Spain

  • Yolanda Rebollo Sanz


    (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • J. Ignacio García-Pérez


    (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, FEDEA & FCEA)

This article studies how job creation subsidies designed for several Spanish regional governments to foster the creation of new permanent contracts during the period 1997-2004 might affect the subsequent employment stability of the eligible workers. We use a triple difference approach that focuses on regional and temporal variability in individual eligibility conditions of these subsidies to obtain the causal effect of the policy. Our data comes from the Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales (MCVL) and from a database that contains information on the policy analyzed. Our main result is that workers who are eligible for these subsidies face a higher probability of exiting from their current permanent contract than those who do not. These effects vary by age and gender, as well as by contract duration and contract type. This result is particularly relevant for male workers whose contracts also benefited with nationally subsidized payroll deductions and for women with such deductions but only during their first year of employment. During that initial first-year period, the exit rate among eligible workers in our sample increased by 9%, 21% and 16% for younger, middle-aged and older female workers, respectively, and by about 13% and 25% for younger and older male workers, respectively.

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Paper provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 09.18.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:09.18
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  1. Bruce D. Meyer, 1994. "Natural and Quasi- Experiments in Economics," NBER Technical Working Papers 0170, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Dale T Mortensen & Christopher Pissarides, 2001. "Taxes, subsidies and equilibrium labor market outcomes," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2075, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  4. Maia Güell & Barbara Petrongolo, 2003. "How Binding are Legal Limits? Transitions from Termporary to Permanent Work in Spain," Working Papers 75, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  5. Kugler, Adriana & Jimeno, Juan F. & Hernanz, Virginia, 2002. "Employment Consequences of Restrictive Permanent Contracts: Evidence from Spanish Labor Market Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 657, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Yolanda Rebollo Sanz & Jose Ignacio García Pérez, 2007. "The use of permanent contracts across Spanish regions: Do regional wage subsidies work?," Working Papers 07.06, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  7. F. Alfonso Arellano, 2005. "Evaluating The Effects Of Labour Market Reforms “At The Margin” On Unemployment And Employment Stability: The Spanish Case," Economics Working Papers we051205, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
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