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A Multilevel Investigation of Individual and Contextual Effects on Employee Job Crafting

Listed author(s):
  • Jie Li


    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

  • Tomoki Sekiguchi


    (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

  • Jipeng Qi


    (School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University)

We extend the theory of job crafting by proposing that job characteristics, individual differences, and group-level contexts interactively promote employee job crafting. Specifically, drawing on the theories of job characteristics, regulatory focus, and social exchange, we develop a multilevel model involving skill variety, an employee fs promotion focus, and procedural justice climate in predicting job crafting. To test our model, we conducted a survey of 265 employees working in 44 work groups at a state-owned enterprise in China. In support of our hypotheses, skill variety has a direct effect on job crafting, which is moderated by promotion focus. Further, our finding on the cross-level three-way interaction suggests that procedural justice climate is an important group-level context that influences employee job crafting. Implications for job crafting theory and future research directions are discussed.

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Paper provided by Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP) in its series Discussion Papers in Economics and Business with number 14-12.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2014
Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:1412
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