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Working Differently or Not at All: COVID-19’s Effects on Employment among People with Disabilities and Chronic Health Conditions


  • Maroto, Michelle Lee

    (University of Alberta)

  • Pettinicchio, David
  • Lukk, Martin


The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically changed employment situations for workers everywhere. This is especially true among people with disabilities and chronic health conditions who face greater risks in contracting COVID-19 and experience larger disadvantages within the labor market. Drawing from original data gathered through a national online survey (N = 1,027) and integrated set of virtual interviews (N = 50) with Canadians with disabilities and chronic health conditions, our findings show that although the pandemic has not directly led to job losses for most people with disabilities and chronic health conditions, respondents who have lost employment due to COVID-19 are struggling. Even though employed workers have been faring better, half were concerned about losing their jobs within the next year, and these concerns were more prevalent among part-time and non-union workers. Our findings emphasize the potential for growing economic insecurity as the pandemic continues to wreak havoc on employment situations among marginalized groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Maroto, Michelle Lee & Pettinicchio, David & Lukk, Martin, 2021. "Working Differently or Not at All: COVID-19’s Effects on Employment among People with Disabilities and Chronic Health Conditions," SocArXiv yjfse, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:yjfse
    DOI: 10.31219/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ballo, Jannike Gottschalk, 2023. "Is the disability wage gap a gendered inequality? Evidence from a 13-year full population study from Norway," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 331(C).
    2. Maroto, Michelle Lee & Pettinicchio, David & Chai, Lei & Holmes, Andy, 2023. "“A Rollercoaster Of Emotions”: Social Distancing, Anxiety, And Loneliness Among People With Disabilities And Chronic Health Conditions," OSF Preprints 46hfd, Center for Open Science.
    3. Paula Holland, 2021. "Will Disabled Workers Be Winners or Losers in the Post-COVID-19 Labour Market?," Disabilities, MDPI, vol. 1(3), pages 1-13, July.
    4. Pettinicchio, David, 2023. "Tracing the welfare-rights connection in American disability policymaking," SocArXiv mqxrp, Center for Open Science.
    5. Wenshuang, Yu & Lindsay M., Tedds & Gillian, Petit, 2022. "Assessing Trends and Patterns of the Effect of COVID-19 on Public Transit Revenues in the City of Calgary," MPRA Paper 115350, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Noémie Fortin-Bédard & Marie-Eve Lamontagne & Naomie-Jade Ladry & David Bouchard & Josiane Lettre & Chantal Desmarais & Normand Boucher & Krista L. Best & Emilie Raymond & Patrick Fougeyrollas & Annie, 2023. "Exploring the Experiences of People with Disabilities during the First Year of COVID-19 Restrictions in the Province of Quebec, Canada," Disabilities, MDPI, vol. 3(1), pages 1-16, January.

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