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An Axiomatic Approach to the Allocation of a Fixed Cost Through Prices


  • Leonard J. Mirman


We study the allocation of fixed costs to the outputs of a multiproduct firm. First we allocate short-run fixed costs through A-S prices which allocate the long-run costs. Long-run cost functions do not generally contain a fixed cost component. We show what part of the A-S prices associated with the long-run cost is allocated to the fixed cost and what part is allocated to the variable cost of the short-run costs. Second, in those cases in which the fixed costs must be allocated directly, we alter the axioms characterizing A-S prices slightly to accommodate cost functions which have a fixed cost component and derive an allocation mechanism characterized by these axioms for cost functions including those with a fixed cost component
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  • Leonard J. Mirman, 1981. "An Axiomatic Approach to the Allocation of a Fixed Cost Through Prices," Discussion Papers 468, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwu:cmsems:468

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Samet, Dov & Tauman, Yair, 1982. "The Determination of Marginal Cost Prices under a Set of Axioms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 895-909, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. David Encaoua & Michel Moreaux, 1987. "L'analyse théorique des problèmes de tarification et d'allocation des coûts dans les télécommunications," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(2), pages 375-414.
    2. Tehrani Nejad Moghaddam, Alireza, 2010. "Allocating the CO2 emissions of an oil refinery with Aumann-Shapley prices: Comment," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 243-255, January.
    3. Bogetoft, Peter & Hougaard, Jens Leth & Smilgins, Aleksandrs, 2016. "Applied cost allocation: The DEA–Aumann–Shapley approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 254(2), pages 667-678.
    4. James R. Hines, Jr., 1990. "The Transfer Pricing Problem: Where the Profits Are," NBER Working Papers 3538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Otero, Jesus & Waddams Price, Catherine, 2001. "Incumbent and entrant response to regulated competition: signaling with accounting costs and market prices2," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 53(2-3), pages 209-223.

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