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Turning the heat up. How sensitive are households to fiscal incentives on energy efficiency investments?

Author

Listed:
  • J.-M. DAUSSIN-BENICHOU

    (Insee)

  • A. MAUROUX

    (Insee)

Abstract

This article studies the sensitivity of French households to fiscal incentives, focusing on the French tax credit on home energy efficient renovations. We estimate the ajustment of the householdsaverage expenditures after an unexpected increase in the tax credit rate (intensive margin). This evaluation complements Maurouxs (2012) results on the number of additional beneficiaries (extensive margin). In 2006, a reform was restricted to new owners of pre-1977 dwellings, allowing us to develop an original difference-in-differences model. It is combined with a Tobit model and censored quantile regressions and estimated on exhaustive fiscal data. In reaction to this tax credit increase, households increased their housing improvement expenditures. This effect appears to be highly heterogeneous depending on the level of expenditures and households characteristics. On average the final net expenditures would have stayed constant. The multiplier of this program is assessed at 1.5, due to the extensive margin.

Suggested Citation

  • J.-M. Daussin-Benichou & A. Mauroux, 2014. "Turning the heat up. How sensitive are households to fiscal incentives on energy efficiency investments?," Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers g2014-06, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:nse:doctra:g2014-06
    as

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    File URL: https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/1381111/G2014-06.pdf
    File Function: Document de travail de la DESE numéro G2014-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    tax credit; energy efficiency investments; sustainable development; public policy evaluation; censored quantile regressions; difference-in-differences estimates;

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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