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Do Demographic Changes Affect Risk Premiums? Evidence from International Data

  • Andrew Ang
  • Angela Maddaloni

We examine the link between equity risk premiums and demographic changes using a very long sample over the twentieth century for the US, Japan, UK, Germany and France, and a shorter sample covering the last third of the twentieth century for fifteen countries. We find that demographic variables significantly predict excess returns internationally. However, the demographic predictability found in the US by past studies for the average age of the population does not extend to other countries. Pooling international data, we find that, on average, faster growth in the fraction of retired persons significantly decreases risk premiums. This demographic predictability of risk premiums is strongest in countries with well-developed social security systems and lesser-developed financial markets.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 9677.

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Date of creation: May 2003
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Publication status: published as Andrew Ang & Angela Maddaloni, 2005. "Do Demographic Changes Affect Risk Premiums? Evidence from International Data," Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(1), pages 341-380, January.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9677
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