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Implications of an Economic Theory of Conflict: Hindu-Muslim Violence in India

  • Anirban Mitra
  • Debraj Ray

We model inter-group conflict driven by economic changes within groups. We show that if group incomes are low, increasing group incomes raises violence against that group, and lowers violence generated by it. We then apply the model to data on Hindu-Muslim violence in India. Our main result is that an increase in per-capita Muslim expenditures generates a large and significant increase in future religious conflict. An increase in Hindu expenditures has negative or no effect. These findings speak to the origins of Hindu-Muslim violence in post-Independence India.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 19090.

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Date of creation: May 2013
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Publication status: Forthcoming in the Journal of Political Economy
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19090
Note: DEV POL
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