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Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers

  • Irene Brambilla
  • Rafael Dix Carneiro
  • Daniel Lederman
  • Guido Porto

The returns to schooling and the skill premium are key parameters in various fields and policy debates, including the literatures on globalization and inequality, international migration, and technological change. This paper explores the skill premium and its correlation with exports in Latin America, thus linking the skill premium to the emerging literature on the structure of trade and development. Using data on employment and wages for over seven million workers from sixteen Latin American economies, the authors estimate national and industry-specific returns to schooling and skill premiums and study some of their determinants. The evidence suggests that both country and industry characteristics are important in explaining returns to schooling and skill premiums. The analyses also suggest that the incidence of exports within industries, the average income per capita within countries, and the relative abundance of skilled workers are related to the underlying industry and country characteristics that explain these parameters. In particular, sectoral exports are positively correlated with the skill premium at the industry level, a result that supports recent trade models linking exports with wages and the demand for skills.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15996.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Publication status: published as Irene Brambilla & Rafael Dix-Carneiro & Daniel Lederman & Guido Porto, 2011. "Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers," World Bank Economic Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(1), pages 34-60, July.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15996
Note: ITI
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  1. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou & Pavcnik, Nina, 2005. "Trade, wages, and the political economy of trade protection: evidence from the Colombian trade reforms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 75-105, May.
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