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Reading the Recent Monetary History of the U.S., 1959-2007

  • Jesús Fernández-Villaverde
  • Pablo A. Guerrón-Quintana
  • Juan Rubio-Ramírez

In this paper we report the results of the estimation of a rich dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model of the U.S. economy with both stochastic volatility and parameter drifting in the Taylor rule. We use the results of this estimation to examine the recent monetary history of the U.S. and to interpret, through this lens, the sources of the rise and fall of the great American inflation from the late 1960s to the early 1980s and of the great moderation of business cycle fluctuations between 1984 and 2007. Our main findings are that while there is strong evidence of changes in monetary policy during Volcker's tenure at the Fed, those changes contributed little to the great moderation. Instead, changes in the volatility of structural shocks account for most of it. Also, while we find that monetary policy was different under Volcker, we do not find much evidence of a big difference in monetary policy among Burns, Miller, and Greenspan. The difference in aggregate outcomes across these periods is attributed to the time-varying volatility of shocks. The history for inflation is more nuanced, as a more vigorous stand against it would have reduced inflation in the 1970s, but not completely eliminated it. In addition, we find that volatile shocks (especially those related to aggregate demand) were important contributors to the great American inflation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 15929.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as (2010) \Reading the Recent Monetary History of the U.S., 1959-2007." Joint with Pablo Guerron (Philadelphia Fed) and Juan F. Rubio-Ramrez (Duke University). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 92, 311-338.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15929
Note: EFG
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