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Where Do New US-Trained Science-Engineering PhDs come from?

Listed author(s):
  • Richard B. Freeman
  • Emily Jin
  • Chia-Yu Shen

This study shows that the demographic and institutional origins of new US trained science and engineering PhDs changed markedly between the late 1960s-1970s to the 1990s-early 2000s. In 1966, 71% of science and engineering PhD graduates were US-born males, 6% were US-born females, and 23% were foreign born. In 2000, 36% of the graduates were US-born males, 25% were US-born females, and 39% were foreign born. Between 1970 and 2000 most of the growth in PhDs was in less prestigious smaller doctorate programs. The undergraduate origins of bachelor's obtaining science and engineering PhDs changed only modestly among US colleges and universities while there was a huge growth in the number of foreign bachelor's graduates obtaining US PhDs.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 10554.

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Date of creation: Jun 2004
Publication status: published as Ehrenberg, Ronald G. and Paula E. Stephan (eds.) Science and the University. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2007.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:10554
Note: ED LS
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  1. Jack High (ed.), 2001. "Competition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1751.
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