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Socioeconomic causes of loss of animal genetic diversity: analysis and assessment

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  • Tisdell, Clem

Abstract

The number of breeds of domesticated animals, especially livestock, have declined rapidly. The proximate causes and processes involved in loss of breeds are outlined. Also the path-dependent effect and Swanson’s dominance-effect are discussed in relation to lock-in of breed selection. While these effects help to explain genetic erosion, they need to be supplemented to provide further explanation of biodiversity loss. In the respect, it is shown that the extension of markets and economic globalisation have contributed significantly to the loss of breeds. In addition, the decoupling of animal husbandry from surrounding natural environmental conditions, particularly industrialised intensive animal husbandry, is further eroding the stock of genetic resources. Recent trends in animal husbandry raise serious sustainability issues, apart from animal welfare concerns.
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  • Tisdell, Clem, 2003. "Socioeconomic causes of loss of animal genetic diversity: analysis and assessment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 365-376, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:45:y:2003:i:3:p:365-376
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jack High (ed.), 2001. "Competition," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1751, April.
    2. Clem Tisdell, 2000. "Coevolution, agricultural practices and sustainability: some major social and ecological issues," International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(1), pages 6-16.
    3. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Are Nonconvexities Important for Understanding Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 97-103, May.
    4. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    5. Tisdell, Clem, 1990. "Economics and the debate about preservation of species, crop varieties and genetic diversity," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 77-90, April.
    6. Irmi Seidl & Clem Tisdell, 2001. "Neglected Features of the Safe Minimum Standard: Socio-economic and Institutional Dimensions," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 59(4), pages 417-442.
    7. Tisdell, Clem & Seidl, Irmi, 2004. "Niches and economic competition: implications for economic efficiency, growth and diversity," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 119-135, June.
    8. Svizzero, Serge & Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Concepts of Competition in Theory and Practice," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90469, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    9. Romer, Paul M, 1987. "Growth Based on Increasing Returns Due to Specialization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 56-62, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tisdell, Clem, 2014. "Genetic Erosion in Traditional Food Crops in the Pacific Islands: Background, Socioeconomic Causes and Policy Issues," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 168374, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    2. Clevo Wilson & Clem Tisdell, 2005. "Globalisation, Concentration Of Genetic Material And Their Implications For Sustainable Development," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 198, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    3. Vanloqueren, Gaëtan & Baret, Philippe V., 2008. "Why are ecological, low-input, multi-resistant wheat cultivars slow to develop commercially? A Belgian agricultural 'lock-in' case study," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 436-446, June.
    4. Simianer, H., 2005. "Decision making in livestock conservation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(4), pages 559-572, June.
    5. Clement A. Tisdell, 2014. "Sustainable agriculture," Chapters,in: Handbook of Sustainable Development, chapter 32, pages 517-531 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Pascual, Unai & Narloch, Ulf & Nordhagen, Stella & Drucker, Adam G., 2011. "The economics of agrobiodiversity conservation for food security under climate change," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 0(Number 01), pages 1-30, November.
    7. Clem Tisdell, 2013. "Economics, ecology and GMOs: sustainability, precaution and related issues," Chapters,in: Handbook of Sustainable Development Planning, chapter 5, pages 91-118 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Tisdell, Clement A., 2012. "Biodiversity Change and Sustainable Development: New Perspectives," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 125211, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    9. Tisdell, Clement A., 2002. "Bioeconomic Analysis of Aquaculture's Impact on Wild Stocks and Biodiversity," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 48739, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    10. Tisdell, Clement A., 2003. "Property rights of landholders in non-captive wildlife and prospects for conservation," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 48964, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    11. repec:wsi:serxxx:v:50:y:2005:i:spec0:n:s0217590805002141 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Patterson, Murray G., 2006. "Development of ecological economics in Australia and New Zealand," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 312-331, March.
    13. Clem Tisdell, 2005. "Linking Policies For Biodiversity Conservation With Advances In Behavioral Economics," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 50(spec0), pages 449-462.
    14. Kevin Maréchal & Hélène Aubaret-Joachain & Jean-Paul Ledant, 2008. "The influence of Economics on agricultural systems: an evolutionary and ecological perspective," Working Papers CEB 08-028.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:2:p:534-:d:132171 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Tisdell, Clem, 2011. "Biodiversity conservation, loss of natural capital and interest rates," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(12), pages 2511-2515.
    17. Tisdell, Clement A., 2006. "Notes on the Economics of Fish Biodiversity: Linkages between Aquaculture and Fisheries," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 55096, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    18. Evan D. Fraser, 2006. "Crop diversification and trade liberalization: Linking global trade and local management through a regional case study," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 23(3), pages 271-281, October.
    19. Tisdell, Clement A., 2012. "Sustainable Agriculture: An Update," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 140549, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    20. Tisdell, Clem, 2014. "Genetic Erosion in Traditional Food Crops in the Pacific Islands: Background, Socioeconomic Causes and Policy Issues - WP193 Amended," Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers 183260, University of Queensland, School of Economics.

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