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Intégration économique et agglomération des activités industrielles dans le Mercosur, les enseignements d'un modèle d'économie géographique




After ten years, the Mercosur seems to be the most successful integration process in Latin America. However, its development remains imperfect due to asymmetric situations between the countries. Brazil is the regional industrial block and the integration process would lead his partners to become captive markets and to see their domestic industrial production decrease.In order to analyze the possibility of such scenario, we adopt a New Economic Geography modelwith three regions and asymmetries. Its serves as a support to numerical simulations of trade liberalization in Mercosur. We show a redeployment of industrial activities from Brazil to Argentina, witch has the best differential of productivity, and may appear to be the new regional industrial block in the end of integration process. An empirical verification is donewith a Grubel-Lloyd indicator upon trade flows within Mercosur. It confirms largely theconclusions of the theoretical model. (Full text in French)

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrice Darrigues & Jean-Marc Montaud, 2001. "Intégration économique et agglomération des activités industrielles dans le Mercosur, les enseignements d'un modèle d'économie géographique," Documents de travail 54, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  • Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:54

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ludema, Rodney D & Wooton, Ian, 1997. "Regional Integration, Trade, and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1656, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    3. Puga, Diego & Venables, Anthony J., 1997. "Preferential trading arrangements and industrial location," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 347-368, November.
    4. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    5. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1996. "Integration, specialization, and adjustment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 959-967, April.
    6. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Nicolas Peridy, 1997. "Trade Patterns Inside the Single Market," Working Papers 1997-07, CEPII research center.
    7. Rikard Forslid & Ian Wooton, 2003. "Comparative Advantage and the Location of Production," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(4), pages 588-603, September.
    8. Antonio Ricci, Luca, 1999. "Economic geography and comparative advantage:: Agglomeration versus specialization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 357-377, February.
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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies


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