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Economic Geography, Comparative Advantage and Trade within Industries: Evidence from the OECD

  • Greenaway, David


    (CREDIT, University of Nottingham)

  • Torstensson, Johan

    (Lund University and FIEF)

A large share of world trade, especially among the OECD countries, is two-way trade within industries, so called intra-industry trade. Despite this, few attempts have been made to examine why countries export some products within industries, whereas they import others. We examine this issue, by means of regression analysis, by examining the shares of IIT that are vertical and horizontal and by examining price dispersion. The regression results suggest that an abundant human capital endowment as well as a large domestic market increases the quality of OECD-countries´ manufacturing exports, thus offering support for comparative advantage models as well as newer geography models. But, human capital becomes an increasingly important determinant of quality over time.

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Paper provided by Trade Union Institute for Economic Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 144.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 22 Jul 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:fiefwp:0144
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  9. Johan Torstensson, 1996. "Can factor proportions explain vertical intra-industry trade?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(5), pages 307-309.
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  27. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong Wha, 1996. "International Measures of Schooling Years and Schooling Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 218-23, May.
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