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Sovereign Wealth Fund Investments in the Banking Industry

Author

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  • Luisa ANDERLONI

    ()

  • Daniela VANDONE

    ()

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the financial impact of Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF) investments in the stocks of European and North American banks around the 2008 financial crisis. SWFs have gained great attention because of various concerns: their large size, lack of transparency, and, in principle, the potentially politicized nature of sovereign fund investments. Indeed SWFs disproportionately favor financial companies and during the crisis have become dominant players, providing significant capital to large banks in Europe and the US. Many arguments have been put forth regarding the potential positive and negative effects of SWF investments on global financial markets and on targeted companies. This paper, based on a hand collected database, aims to shed a light on the impact on financial performance (stock prices) and on economic performance (various ratios and growth rates) of SWF investments in banks. We compare the performance of SWF-backed banks with a sample of non- SWF-backed in two time periods (2004-2007 and 2008-2011) in order to verify the different hypotheses explaining superior or lower performance. This empirical study contributes to the academic literature that seeks to analyze the role of corporate governance structures on banks’ performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Luisa ANDERLONI & Daniela VANDONE, 2012. "Sovereign Wealth Fund Investments in the Banking Industry," Departmental Working Papers 2012-24, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2012-24
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    File URL: http://wp.demm.unimi.it/files/wp/2012/DEMM-2012_024wp.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rolando Avendaño & Javier Santiso, 2010. "Are Sovereign Wealth Funds' Investments Politically Biased?: A Comparison with Mutual Funds," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 283, OECD Publishing.
    2. repec:cii:cepiei:2010-july-123-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Edwin M. Truman, 2009. "A Blueprint for Sovereign Wealth Fund Best Practices," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 9(1), pages 429-451.
    4. Dewenter, Kathryn L. & Han, Xi & Malatesta, Paul H., 2010. "Firm values and sovereign wealth fund investments," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 256-278, November.
    5. repec:cii:cepiie:2010-july-123-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Hélène Raymond, 2010. "Sovereign Wealth Funds as Domestic Investors of Last Resort During Crises," International Economics, CEPII research center, issue 123, pages 121-159.
    7. Hélène Raymond, 2009. "The effect of Sovereign Wealth Funds’ investments on stock markets," EconomiX Working Papers 2009-38, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    8. Hélène Raymond, 2010. "Sovereign Wealth Funds as domestic investors of last resort during crises," EconomiX Working Papers 2010-12, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    9. Kotter, Jason & Lel, Ugur, 2011. "Friends or foes? Target selection decisions of sovereign wealth funds and their consequences," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(2), pages 360-381, August.
    10. Heiko Hesse & Tao Sun, 2009. "Sovereign Wealth Funds and Financial Stability—An Event Study Analysis," IMF Working Papers 09/239, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dariusz Urban, 2016. "The Investment Attractiveness of Companies Listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange to Sovereign Wealth Funds," Acta Oeconomica, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 66(2), pages 333-350, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sovereign Wealth Funds; Bank Profitability; Capital and ownership structure;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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