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Trade in parts and components and Central Eastern European Countries’ industrial geography

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  • Gianfranco DE SIMONE

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Abstract

Growing inflows of FDI and the increasing integration of domestic firms into International Production Networks (IPNs) set up by EU-15 principals have yielded a rise in trade in parts and components for Central Eastern European Countries (CEECs). As a consequence, new patterns of localisation of industrial activities have been observed in the region since mid-1990s. In this paper, I propose a comprehensive model of trade and production which tries to explain cross-country variations of sectoral output on the basis of both comparative advantages (Ricardo, Heckscher-Ohlin) and agglomeration forces (home market effect, market potential), and singles out the role played by trade in middle products. The empirical implementation, on a panel of the four sectors where the largest share of CEECs’ trade in intermediates with EU-15 is concentrated, reveals that the higher is the involvement in IPNs the larger is the domestic share of regional output. Comparative advantages are a crucial determinant of localisation as opposite to the negligible role played by possible magnification effects due to domestic demand and market potential. I argue that results can be interpreted as an assessment of the predictive power of two alternative trade theories

Suggested Citation

  • Gianfranco DE SIMONE, 2007. "Trade in parts and components and Central Eastern European Countries’ industrial geography," Departmental Working Papers 2007-17, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2007-17
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    File URL: http://wp.demm.unimi.it/files/wp/2007/DEMM-2007_017wp.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Elżbieta Kawecka-Wyrzykowska, 2009. "Evolving pattern of intra-industry trade specialization of the new Member States (NMS) of the EU: the case of automotive industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 364, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade in Parts and Components; Fragmentation of Production; Industry Localisation; Comparative Advantages; New Trade Theory; Economic Geography;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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