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History Matters for the Export Decision Plant Level Evidence from Turkish Manufacturing Industry

  • Sule Ozler

    ()

    (Department of Economics, UCLA)

  • Erol Taymaz

    ()

    (Department of Economics, METU)

  • Kamil Yilmaz

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Koc University)

In a dynamic panel data framework, we investigate the factors influencing the export decision of the Turkish manufacturing plants over the 1990-2001 period. Our results support the presence of high sunk costs of entry to export markets, as well as the hypothesis that the full history of export participation matters for the current export decision. We further show that the effect of the past export experience on current export decision rapidly depreciates over time: Recent export market participation matters more than the participation further in the past. Finally, we show that while persistence in exporting helps lower the costs of re-entry today, there are diminishing returns to export experience. Our results are robust to plant characteristics (plant size, technology, composition of the employment), the spillovers from the presence of exporters in the same industry, as well as industry and year effects.

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File URL: http://www.erc.metu.edu.tr/menu/series07/0704.pdf
File Function: First version, 2007
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Paper provided by ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University in its series ERC Working Papers with number 0704.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision: Mar 2007
Handle: RePEc:met:wpaper:0704
Contact details of provider: Postal: Ankara 06531
Phone: +90 (312) 210 2003
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Web page: http://www.erc.metu.edu.tr
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