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History Matters for the Export Decision: Plant Level Evidence from Turkish Manufacturing Industry

  • Kamil Yılmaz

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Koç University)

  • Şule Özler

    (Economics Department, UCLA)

  • Erol Taymaz

    (Department of Economics, METU)

In a dynamic panel data framework, we investigate the factors influencing the export decision of the Turkish manufacturing plants over the 1990-2001 period. Our results support the presence of high sunk costs of entry to export markets, as well as the hypothesis that the full history of export participation matters for the current export decision. We further show that the efect of the past export experience on current export decision rapidly depreciates over time: Recent export market participation matters more than the participation further in the past. Finally, we show that while persistence in exporting helps lower the costs of re-entry today, there are diminishing returns to export experience. Our results are robust to plant characteristics (plant size, technology, composition of the employment), the spillovers from the presence of exporters in the same industry, as well as industry and year efects.

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Paper provided by Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum in its series Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers with number 0706.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:0706
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