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Panel Parametric, Semi-parametric and Nonparametric Construction of Counterfactuals - California Tobacco Control Revisited

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Abstract

We consider panel parametric, semi-parametric and nonparametric methods of constructing counterfactuals. Through extensive simulations, no method is able to dominate other methods. In general, we fi?nd that if the observed data are stationary, the panel semi- parametric method appears capable of generating counterfactuals close to the (true) data generating process in a wide array of situations. If the data are nonstationary, then the panel nonparametric method appears to dominate the parametric or semi-parametric approaches. We also suggest a model averaging method as a robust method to generate counterfactuals. We compare the different estimates of the impact of California Tobacco Control Program on per capita cigarette consumption.

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  • Cheng Hsiao & Qiankun Zhou, 2018. "Panel Parametric, Semi-parametric and Nonparametric Construction of Counterfactuals - California Tobacco Control Revisited," Departmental Working Papers 2018-02, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:lsu:lsuwpp:2018-02
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    File URL: https://www.lsu.edu/business/economics/files/workingpapers/pap18_02.pdf
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    1. Xu, Yiqing, 2017. "Generalized Synthetic Control Method: Causal Inference with Interactive Fixed Effects Models," Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(1), pages 57-76, January.
    2. Vasilis Sarafidis & Tom Wansbeek, 2012. "Cross-Sectional Dependence in Panel Data Analysis," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 483-531, September.
    3. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2006. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 967-1012, July.
    4. Chamberlain, Gary & Rothschild, Michael, 1983. "Arbitrage, Factor Structure, and Mean-Variance Analysis on Large Asset Markets," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(5), pages 1281-1304, September.
    5. Wan, Shui-Ki & Xie, Yimeng & Hsiao, Cheng, 2018. "Panel data approach vs synthetic control method," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 121-123.
    6. Jushan Bai, 2009. "Panel Data Models With Interactive Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(4), pages 1229-1279, July.
    7. Abadie, Alberto & Diamond, Alexis & Hainmueller, Jens, 2010. "Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies: Estimating the Effect of California’s Tobacco Control Program," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 105(490), pages 493-505.
    8. Stock J.H. & Watson M.W., 2002. "Forecasting Using Principal Components From a Large Number of Predictors," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 97, pages 1167-1179, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eli Ben-Michael & Avi Feller & Jesse Rothstein, 2018. "The Augmented Synthetic Control Method," Papers 1811.04170, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2019.

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