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Loss aversion and learning to bid

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  • Dittrich, Dennis Alexis Valin
  • Güth, Werner
  • Kocher, Martin G.
  • Pezanis-Christou, Paul

Abstract

Bidding challenges learning theories. Even with the same bid, experiences vary stochastically: the same choice can result in either a gain or a loss. In such an environment, the question arises of how the nearly universally documented phenomenon of loss aversion affects the adaptive dynamics. We analyse the impact of loss aversion in a simple auction using the experienced-weighted attraction model of learning. Our experimental results suggest that individual learning dynamics are highly heterogeneous and affected by loss aversion to different degrees. Apart from that, the experiment shows that loss aversion is not specific to rare decision-making.

Suggested Citation

  • Dittrich, Dennis Alexis Valin & Güth, Werner & Kocher, Martin G. & Pezanis-Christou, Paul, 2012. "Loss aversion and learning to bid," Munich Reprints in Economics 18205, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenar:18205
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    Other versions of this item:

    • Dennis A. V. Dittrich & Werner Güth & Martin G. Kocher & Paul Pezanis‐Christou, 2012. "Loss Aversion and Learning to Bid," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 79(314), pages 226-257, April.

    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Albers, Wulf & Vogt, Bodo, 2017. "The selection of mixed strategies in 2 x 2 bimatrix games," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 268, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dittrich, Dennis A.V. & Büchner, Susanne & Kulesz, Micaela M., 2015. "Dynamic repeated random dictatorship and gender discrimination," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 81-90.
    2. Zaby, Alexandra & Güth, Werner & Pull, Kerstin & Stadler, Manfred, 2014. "Compulsory Disclosure of Private Information - Theoretical and Experimental Results for the Acquiring-a-Company Game," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100520, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Jason Shachat & Lijia Wei, 2012. "Procuring Commodities: First-Price Sealed-Bid or English Auctions?," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 31(2), pages 317-333, March.
    4. Judith Avrahami & Werner Güth & Yaakov Kareev, 2005. "Games of Competition in a Stochastic Environment," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 59(4), pages 255-294, December.
    5. Güth, Werner & Kocher, Martin G., 2014. "More than thirty years of ultimatum bargaining experiments: Motives, variations, and a survey of the recent literature," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 396-409.
    6. Werner Güth & Kerstin Pull & Manfred Stadler & Alexandra K. Zaby, 2017. "Blindfolded vs. Informed Ultimatum Bargaining – A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 18(4), pages 444-467, November.
    7. Thorsten Chmura & Werner Güth, 2011. "The Minority of Three-Game: An Experimental and Theoretical Analysis," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 1-22, September.
    8. repec:wyi:journl:002158 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Nadine Chlass & Jens J. Krueger, 2007. "Small Sample Properties of the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with Discontinuous and Dependent Observations," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-032, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.

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