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Effets de voisinage dans le modèle de Solow avec des externalités spatiales

  • KOCH, Wilfried

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

L'objectif de cet article est d'introduire des externalités spatiales dans le modèle de croissance de Solow afin de tenir compte de l'interdépendance géographique des régions. Ces externalités sont générées par le stock de capital accumulé par les régions voisines. Par conséquent, une politique économique visant à augmenter le taux d'investissement d'une région influence l'ensemble des régions par un effet multiplicateur spatial qui agit d'autant plus sur le revenu par tête que les régions sont géographiquement proches. Ainsi, nous utiliserons cet effet afin d'évaluer les conséquences d'une politique régionale sur la répartition spatiale des richesses dans l'Union Européenne élargie à 27 membres./ Recent theoretical and empirical work generally often focus on the interdependence of nations and regions underlying that the economy of one country or region is not independent of the economies of others. However, these models generally ignore the impact of location and neighborhood in explaining growth. This paper presents an augmented Solow model that includes spatial externalities and spatial interdependence among economies. We obtain a spatial econometric reduced form which allows testing the effects of the rate of saving and the rate of population growth on income per capita. Finally, we use the propriety of spatial multiplier effect in order to evaluate the impact of a shock on saving rate on European regional disparities.

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Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2004-06.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2004-06
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