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Changes in the intra-metropolitan location of producer services in Ile-De-France (1978-1997): do information technologies promote a more dispersed spatial pattern



    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • GUILLAIN, Rachel

    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)


Because of their intensive need for face-to-face contacts, producer services have, historically, been found at the core of CBDs. However, it has been suggested that advances in information technologies could lead to the erosion of the CBD's economic base, rendering face-to-face contacts obsolete and enabling producer services to suburbanize. Although a considerable amount of empirical work has been done on the suburbanization of these activities in North-America, the same is not true of France. In this paper, we adopt an original methodology to study the role played by face-to-face contacts in the spatial distribution of producer services in the Ile-de-France region between 1978 and 1997. Our findings confirm that producer services did indeed suburbanize during the study period. Nevertheless, this suburbanization was multicentric, rather than scattered, suggesting that face-to-face contacts remain an important factor in the location of such services. / Une raison traditionnellement avancée pour expliquer la localisation des services aux producteurs dans les CBD est leur fort besoin de contacts face à face. Néanmoins, ce pouvoir d'agglomération des contacts face à face pourrait être remis en cause par l'essor des technologies de la communication ce qui conduirait à une répartition plus uniforme de ces activités. Les centres villes ne seraient plus alors l'espace privilégié de localisation de ces activités et perdraient leur pouvoir d'organisation sur l'aire métropolitaine. Bien que le processus de suburbanisation ait fait l'objet de nombreuses études empiriques, ces dernières restent, à notre connaissance, peu nombreuses en France. Dans ce papier, nous proposons une méthode originale pour étudier le rôle des contacts face à face dans les choix de localisation des services aux producteurs dans la région Ile-de-France entre 1978 et 1997. Nos résultats confirment que les services aux producteurs ont effectivement connu une vague de suburbanisation mais que cette dernière conduit à la formation de nouvelles polarités plutôt qu'à leur dispersion au sein de l'aire métropolitaine. Ceci suggère, qu'en dépit des progrès dans les technologies de la communication, les contacts face à face restent un facteur important de localisation pour ces services.

Suggested Citation

  • BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline & GUILLAIN, Rachel, 2003. "Changes in the intra-metropolitan location of producer services in Ile-De-France (1978-1997): do information technologies promote a more dispersed spatial pattern," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-06, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2003-06

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Emilie Arnoult & Florent Sari, 2017. "Chosen Or Imposed? The Location Strategies Of Households," TEPP Working Paper 2017-05, TEPP.
    2. Rachel Guillain & Julie Le Gallo & Céline Boiteux-Orain, 2004. "The evolution of the spatial and sectoral patterns in Ile-de-France over 1978-1997," ERSA conference papers ersa04p59, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon & Rachel Guillain, 2004. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la communauté de l'agglomeration Dijonnaise (1990, 1999)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 579-608.
    4. Emilie ARNOULT & Florent SARI, 2016. "Analyse Spatiale De L’Espace Urbain : Le Cas De L’Agglomération Lyonnaise," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 43, pages 77-110.
    5. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2015. "Agglomeration vs. dispersion of economic activities in the districts of Paris," Working Papers 2072/246965, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    6. Claude LACOUR (GREThA) & Sylvette PUISSANT (GREThA), 2008. "Medium-Sized Cities and the Dynamics of Creative Services," Cahiers du GREThA 2008-08, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    7. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon & Rachel Guillain, 2003. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990-1999)," Working Papers hal-01526533, HAL.
    8. Zeynep Elburz & Vedia Dokmeci, 2012. "The Spatial Distribution Of Fire Services In Izmir," ERSA conference papers ersa12p1014, European Regional Science Association.

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    producer services; information technologies; monocentric and polycentric configurations; suburbanization;

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