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Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la communauté de l'agglomération dijonnaise (1990;1999)

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  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    () (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • BOURDON, Françoise

    () (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Guillain, Rachel

    ()

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the spatial changes in the Dijon urban area (COMADI) by studying in particular the new tendencies of localization of the high order producer services. Our results display a multicentric structure of the COMADI which exhibits several employment poles. Not only the economic composition of these poles differs between the central pole and the peripheral ones but this composition changes over the study period (1990;1999). New localization logics appear for the high order services: if the historical center remains specialized in financial activities, insurance and real estate (FIRE), the other producer services are more likely to be localized in the periphery. A distinction has to be made between the two peripheral poles: the South pole is oriented toward industrial activities and the North one is more a multifunctional pole. / L'objectif de cette recherche est d'étudier les mutations existant au sein de la configuration urbaine de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise, à travers notamment les nouvelles logiques de localisation des services supérieurs. Nous mettons alors en évidence la constitution de différents pôles d'emplois au sein de la COMADI, dont la composition économique diffère selon qu'il s'agit du pôle central ou des pôles périphériques, mais évolue aussi au cours de la période d'étude (1990-1999). Nous montrons que les tendances de localisation des activités de services supérieurs changent et se diversifient : si le centre historique reste spécialisé dans les activités financières, d'assurances et immobilières, les activités de services supérieurs aux entreprises tendent à se localiser davantage en périphérie. Une distinction est observée entre les deux pôles périphériques de la COMADI : au Sud, la constitution d'un pôle dédié aux activités industrielles et au Nord, la formation d'un pôle multifonctionnel.

Suggested Citation

  • BAUMONT, Catherine & BOURDON, Françoise & Guillain, Rachel, 2003. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la communauté de l'agglomération dijonnaise (1990;1999)," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-13, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2003-13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Céline Boiteux-Orain & Jean-Marie Huriot, 2002. "Modéliser la suburbanisation. Succès et limites de la microéconomie urbaine," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 73-104.
    2. BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline & GUILLAIN, Rachel, 2003. "Changes in the intra-metropolitan location of producer services in Ile-De-France (1978-1997): do information technologies promote a more dispersed spatial pattern," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-06, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    3. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, pages 163-182.
    4. Richard D. Bingham & Deborah Kimble, 1995. "The Industrial Composition of Edge Cities and Downtowns: The New Urban Reality," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 9(3), pages 259-272, August.
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    6. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains," Working Papers hal-01544523, HAL.
    7. Frédéric Gaschet, 2002. "articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 81(1), pages 63-81.
    8. BAUMONT, Catherine & BOURDON, Françoise, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains.Le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990 ; 1999)," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2002-04, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ben said, Foued, 2014. "Tunisian Coastal Cities Attractiveness and Amenities," MPRA Paper 52969, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2015. "Agglomeration vs. dispersion of economic activities in the districts of Paris," Working Papers 2072/246965, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    3. Ben Said FOUED, 2015. "Tunisian Coastal Cities Attractiveness And Amenities," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 10(3), pages 49-70, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Centre-périphérie; multi-polarisation; services supérieurs; spécialisation; suburbanisation;

    JEL classification:

    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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