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articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities

Author

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  • Frédéric Gaschet

    () (Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV, IFREDE-IERSO, 33608 Pessac, France)

Abstract

This article examines the relationships between the employment suburbanisation from central cities towards their suburbs, and the process of intra-urban specialisation that occurred simultaneously in the fifty largest French metropolitan areas. A methodology is proposed to identify urban subcentres and to analyse the effects of the intra-urban specialisations on suburbanisation patterns. We conclude that the specialisation of both subcentres and central cities has a significant effect on suburbanisation rates. Lastly, an intra-metropolitan shift/share analysis provides additional insights into the employment dynamics of central cities and suburbs during the last twenty years.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Gaschet, 2002. "articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 81(1), pages 63-81.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:81:y:2002:i:1:p:63-81
    Note: Received: 25 July 2000
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kubeš Jan, 2015. "Analysis of Regulation of Residential Suburbanisation in Hinterland of Post-socialist ‘One Hundred Thousands’ City of České Budějovice," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, De Gruyter Open, vol. 27(27), pages 109-131, March.
    2. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon & Rachel Guillain, 2004. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la communauté de l'agglomeration Dijonnaise (1990, 1999)," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 579-608.
    3. Shu-hen Chiang, 2012. "The sources of metropolitan unemployment fluctuations in the Greater Taipei metropolitan area," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(4), pages 775-793, November.
    4. Kristian Behrens & Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, 2009. "Krugman's "Papers in Regional Science": The 100 dollar bill on the sidewalk is gone and the 2008 Nobel Prize well-deserved," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(2), pages 467-489, June.
    5. Anne Aguilera, 2005. "Growth in Commuting Distances in French Metropolitan Areas - The case of Paris," ERSA conference papers ersa05p255, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2015. "Agglomeration vs. dispersion of economic activities in the districts of Paris," Working Papers 2072/246965, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    7. Aguiléra, Anne & Wenglenski, Sandrine & Proulhac, Laurent, 2009. "Employment suburbanisation, reverse commuting and travel behaviour by residents of the central city in the Paris metropolitan area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 685-691, August.
    8. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains," Working Papers hal-01544523, HAL.
    9. Kingsley E. Haynes & Jitendra Parajuli, 2014. "Shift-share analysis: decomposition of spatially integrated systems," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Spatially Integrated Social Science, chapter 16, pages 315-344 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Claude LACOUR (GREThA) & Sylvette PUISSANT (GREThA), 2008. "Medium-Sized Cities and the Dynamics of Creative Services," Cahiers du GREThA 2008-08, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    11. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2004. "On poles and centers : cities in the french style," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-07, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    12. Catherine Baumont & Françoise Bourdon & Rachel Guillain, 2003. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990-1999)," Working Papers hal-01526533, HAL.
    13. BAUMONT, Catherine & BOURDON, Françoise, 2002. "Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains.Le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990 ; 1999)," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2002-04, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    14. Zeynep Elburz & Vedia Dokmeci, 2012. "The Spatial Distribution Of Fire Services In Izmir," ERSA conference papers ersa12p1014, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    suburbanisation; functional specialisation; urban subcentres; shift-share analysis; central cities/suburbs relationships;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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